Pop-Up House / Multipod Studio Projects Pop-Up House / Multipod StudioSave this projectSavePop-Up House / Multipod Studio ArchDaily Photographs ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/486587/pop-up-house-multipod-studio Clipboard photographs: Elisabeth Montagnier Photographs: Elisabeth Montagnier Save this picture!Floor PlanRecommended ProductsDoorsStudcoAccess Panels – AccessDorWindowsOTTOSTUMM | MOGSWindow Systems – BronzoFinestra B40DoorsVEKADoors – VEKAMOTION 82WoodGustafsWood Veneered Wall & Ceiling Panels Save this picture!© Elisabeth MontagnierFour days and a wireless screwdriver are all you need to build your very own Pop-Up House. The structure, compiled of insulating blocks and wooden panels, delivers affordable thermal insulation like you’d never believe. Save this picture!© Elisabeth MontagnierHeating represents close to 28% of global energy consumption and is also one of the main household costs. Determined to develop solutions, Multipod Studio have patented a unique approach to passive construction that delivers outsanding thermal insulation at an affordable cost. No special tools required, the house is assembled using lightweight and recyclable materials for quick installation. Save this picture!© Elisabeth MontagnierThe materials used are inexpensive so the cost remains unbeatable and the thermal envelope created means no additional heating is necessary. The first prototype of this new type of passive house, has bloomed in the pine valleys of the South of France. 2014 Save this picture!© Elisabeth Montagnier+ 30 Share CopyHouses•Aix-en-Provence, France “COPY” Year: Area: 150 m² Area: 150 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Houses France Year: The Pop-Up house is an innovative concept that aims to challenge passive house construction. Low cost, recyclable and passive, the PopUp-House has all of the qualities of tomorrow’s homes.Project gallerySee allShow lessOn Designing Evil LairsMiscFrancisco Mangado-Led Team Wins Thermal Bath Competition in Southern FranceAwarded Competition Share 2014 ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/486587/pop-up-house-multipod-studio Clipboard “COPY” Architects: Multipod Studio Area Area of this architecture project CopyAbout this officeMultipod StudioOfficeFollowProductWood#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesAix-en-ProvenceHousesFrancePublished on March 17, 2014Cite: “Pop-Up House / Multipod Studio” 17 Mar 2014. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
Lloyds Bank Foundation is to step up its support for smaller charities under its newly announced strategy for 2018-2022.In its strategy document, Reaching Further, it says it will fund at least 700 charities at any one time over the next five years, funding more charities for up to six years, and focusing on those making significant impact for people and their local area. The size of its main grants will also increase, up to £200,000 over six years, and it will fund more flexibly, with fewer restrictions on when and how charities spend their grants.It also plans to provide a wide range of developmental support, including training, consultancy and mentoring alongside its funding, and to champion the work of small and local charities nationally, locally, and regionally.Alongside the launch of its new strategy, Lloyds Bank Foundation also released new research on the impact of smaller and local charities.The Value of Small was commissioned by Lloyds Bank Foundation and conducted by the Centre for Regional Economic and Social Research (CRESR) at Sheffield Hallam University; the Institute for Voluntary Action Research (IVAR) and the Centre for Voluntary Sector Leadership at the Open University.It found that when tackling social issues like homelessness, domestic abuse or mental health issues, smaller charities have a distinctive impact. They also generate benefits through spending and investing more in local areas, with the research highlighting one charity that generated £3.25 in value through volunteers per pound of funding, and others generating as much as three times more in additional funding than their public funding.However, it also highlights a mismatch between what smaller charities do and the people they help, and how public bodies fund, commission and contract services and measure value, favouring larger providers. As a result, it states, 84% of local government funding is going to larger charities.Paul Streets, Chief Executive of the Lloyds Bank Foundation for England and Wales called on the Government to also do more, and said:“For over 30 years we have funded thousands of small and local charities knowing their work changed lives, but this research sets out why – they’re distinctive in who they serve, what they do and how they work. And this has real benefits for the people in need they serve, communities and the public purse. Yet so many small and local charities are under-pressure and under-funded from cuts and the rush to ever larger contracts. “From Carillion, to probation privatisation, to Grenfell Tower and now with this research, the evidence is overwhelming – big contracting doesn’t work and people and communities value small and local charities. Yet too little has changed – this must now be a call to arms and action. We will play our part in funding and supporting charities, but we call on Government to put smaller charities at the heart of their new Civil Society Strategy and for local councillors and commissioners to change how they fund and commission.” Melanie May | 20 June 2018 | News Tagged with: Funding Research / statistics small charities AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis35 Advertisement 243 total views, 1 views today 244 total views, 2 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis35 Lloyds Bank Foundation to step up support for smaller charities About Melanie May Melanie May is a journalist and copywriter specialising in writing both for and about the charity and marketing services sectors since 2001. She can be reached via www.thepurplepim.com.
On March 16, the day Trump’s second Muslim travel ban was due to take effect, more than 500 people rallied at the Federal Building in San Francisco to denounce it. The action was called by the Arab Resource & Organizing Center, along with its partners in a coalition called Third World Resistance.Organizers passed out an AROC statement “demanding and asserting our Freedom to Stay, Freedom to Move, and Freedom to Return for Arabs and Muslims targeted by this ban, but also for all oppressed communities threatened by the Trump administration.” This extremely clarifying statement linked, in a new way, the demands of immigrants with the struggles of workers and all the oppressed here and abroad. Here is the statement:Freedom to StayMigrant Rights. When we demand the Freedom to Stay for Arabs and Muslims, we stand in solidarity with all immigrants regardless of documentation or place of origin.Indigenous Struggle. The Trump administration’s commitment to build pipelines and repress Native American movements such as Standing Rock is a continuation of the settler colonialism this country was founded on. We stand with Indigenous communities everywhere struggling for their Freedom to Stay on their land.Fight Gentrification. In our very own Bay Area, we fight for our Freedom to Stay in our homes and communities, against the gentrification and displacement facing poor, working class and people of color everywhere.Freedom to MoveNo Ban, No Wall. We join with the millions demanding No Ban, No Wall because we believe that people should have the Freedom to Move without borders or racist xenophobic immigration policies.Sanctuary Everywhere. From those fleeing wars in the Arab World, to those seeking escape from U.S. backed economic policies that have devastated Latin America, Asia and the African Continent, we fight for the Freedom to Move.End Israeli Apartheid. Just as Trump’s executive order restricts Arabs and Muslims from coming across the U.S. border for ‘security’ reasons, Israel’s apartheid wall and network of military checkpoints restrict the daily movement of Palestinians. We fight for the Freedom to Move, both here, and for those facing occupation, apartheid and settler colonialism in Palestine.Freedom to ReturnEnd Imperialism. The six Muslim majority countries listed in this ban have all been targeted by the U.S. through bombing, military intervention and sanctions, resulting in forced migration and people becoming refugees. We stand against imperialism and for our people’s Freedom to Return to their lives and homes with dignity.Free Our People. Our struggle against bans and immigrant detention is part of the struggle against the repressive imprisonment system that targets working class and communities of color. We fight for imprisoned people to have the Freedom to Return to their families and communities.Refugees Right of Return. From Syria to Haiti to Palestine, we fight for Indigenous people and migrants everywhere to be able to travel, visit and return to their homelands. We fight for their right and Freedom to Return.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this
The attempt to change the name of a Brooklyn, N.Y., street sign to honor a hero of the Haitian Revolution, Jean-Jacques Dessalines, involved weeks of discussion in a New York City commission; articles in the Amsterdam News, the Trinidad Express, the Atlanta Black Star, a long article in the New York Times; and a segment on WNYC radio. It also aroused a vicious attack from Sean Hannity’s reactionary Fox News show.The reason for so much discussion and controversy is that Dessalines was a key leader in Haiti’s “original sin,” namely destroying slavery’s hold over 500,000 people — two-thirds of whom, when the revolution began in 1791, had been born in Africa. That made Haiti the second country in the Western Hemisphere to declare independence from its colonial rulers on Jan. 1, 1804.That revolution began with a Revolutionary Council in August 1791 and a prayer to “The god who created the earth; who created the sun that gives us light. … The white man’s god asks him to commit crimes. But the god within us wants to do good. Our god, who is so good, so just, He orders us to revenge our wrongs.” (thelouvertureproject.org)After the 1791 council concluded, Haiti’s enslaved people opened a struggle, attacking over 1,000 sugar plantations all over the north. It was a long and complicated struggle against the French rulers. The monarchies of Spain and Great Britain, competing with France for rule in the Caribbean, also played major roles.The United States soon after made its first intervention with foreign “aid” when President George Washington ordered Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson to give $750,000 — a major sum at that time — to the French slavemasters to buy weapons.In 1801 Napoleon Bonaparte, who ruled France following a 1799 coup d’état, ordered an expedition of 20,000 soldiers under the command of his son-in-law Gen. Charles Leclerc to regain control of Haiti. The expedition included a substantial contingent of some 5,000 Polish mercenaries.Leclerc’s orders were to reestablish the slave system that had produced more than half of all the world’s coffee and 40 percent of the sugar consumed in France and Britain. This coffee and sugar accounted for 40 percent of France’s foreign trade.A fight for freedomOnce the Haitian masses learned that Napoleon had reinstituted slavery in Guadeloupe and Martinique — two smaller Caribbean islands ruled then and now by French imperialism — their resistance crystallized. The Haitians decided to die on their feet as free people rather than on their knees as slaves.Even though Leclerc was able to capture, through trickery, the historic leader of the Haitian resistance, Toussaint Louverture, and engage in a viciously brutal campaign against the people, he still couldn’t break the armed resistance. His army was falling apart from a multitude of small-scale but deadly encounters and from disease. Many of the Polish mercenaries deserted, often going over to fight for the Haitians, who welcomed them.At the beginning of October, as he was dying of yellow fever, Leclerc wrote Napoleon asking for another 25,000 men and explicitly proposing genocide. He wrote: “We must destroy all the blacks in the mountains — men and women — and spare only the children under 12 years of age. We must destroy half of those in the plains and must not leave a single colored person in the colony who has worn an epaulette.” (tinyurl.com/y7lcyq35)Donatien-Marie-Joseph Rochambeau, who commanded French forces in the U.S. War of Independence, took over in Haiti after Leclerc died in November 1802. He was even more flamboyantly brutal, using flesh-eating dogs he imported from Cuba, but was no more successful than Leclerc. He surrendered Cap Haïtien to Dessalines after the Battle of Vertière and fled to the blockading British fleet in August 1803.Haiti was in ruins, since all sides had used “scorched earth” tactics, but the slavemasters’ army was gone. About 200,000 people, about half the population, had died in the 13 years of the revolutionary war.Dessalines proclaimed Haiti’s independence in the town of Gonaïve on Jan. 1, 1804, a month or so after the last French troops left Haiti. Shortly after, he ordered all the white French who had not left Haiti — men, women and children — killed.This is what Sean Hannity of Fox News called “genocide” and what formed his rationale for opposing co-naming Brooklyn’s Rogers Avenue for Jean-Jacques Dessalines.Dessalines explicitly said that the Polish soldiers who had fought for Haiti and the brothers and sisters of the Catholic Church who had provided medical care for Haitians should not be killed. In the 1805 Constitution, drawn up under his guidance, these categories of people living in Haiti were explicitly granted citizenship. Article 14 of this Constitution demands that all Haitian citizens should be called “black.”The justified punishment of the remnants of the French slaveowners was used to inflame pro-slavery public opinion in France and to ward off those calling for the abolition of slavery in the United States.White supremacists such as Sean Hannity still bring it up to slur Haitians who want to honor their heroes, without putting that punishment in context as a measured reply to France’s genocidal actions in Haiti.Dunkel is one of the editors of “Haiti: A Slave Revolution 200 Years After 1804,” International Action Center, New York, 2nd edition, 2010, New York, 2004.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this
WhatsApp blocks accounts of at least seven Gaza Strip journalists Beginning November 2, The Washington Post will launch a new press freedom initiative dedicated to highlighting the work and campaigns of press freedom organizations like RSF in advancing the protection and safety of journalists worldwide. The Post’s readers can learn more about the organizations and their work, as well as view the latest reporting on press freedom issues at www.wapo.st/pressfreedom. The Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) and Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press (RCFP) are also participating in the Press Freedom Partnership. RSF is honored to expand its partnership with The Washington Post after working with the news outlet on previous projects. These include the campaign to bring home journalist Jason Rezaian after he was unjustly detained for 544 days in Iran while working as The Post’s Tehran Bureau Chief, working with the parents of detained American journalist Austin Tice to secure his safe return from Syria, and the annual launch of RSF’s World Press Freedom Index in 2017 and 2018 at events held at The Post’s Washington, DC office. News News Receive email alerts United StatesAmericas RSF_en Help by sharing this information Reporters Without Borders (RSF) is thrilled to announce its participation in The Washington Post’s Press Freedom Partnership to promote freedom of the press and raise awareness for the rights of journalists around the world in pursuit of the truth. November 5, 2018 US – RSF joins The Washington Post’s Press Freedom Partnership News June 7, 2021 Find out more to go further “Reporters Without Borders is thrilled to take its long-standing partnership with The Washington Post to the next level with this new initiative to regularly highlight our work to defend journalists, bloggers, and the free flow of information online,” said Margaux Ewen, RSF’s North America director. “With press freedom increasingly under threat across the globe and attacks against members of the press on the rise, the Post’s leadership in shining a light on these issues has represented a beacon of hope for those who are risking their lives by simply reporting the news.”RSF looks forward to building its partnership with The Washington Post and like-minded organizations to work towards achieving a safer environment for journalists and media workers around the world. NSO Group hasn’t kept its promises on human rights, RSF and other NGOs say United StatesAmericas Facebook’s Oversight Board is just a stopgap, regulation urgently needed, RSF says Organisation June 3, 2021 Find out more News April 28, 2021 Find out more Follow the news on United States
News News ThailandAsia – Pacific Covid-19 emergency laws spell disaster for press freedom Receive email alerts Reporters Without Borders hailed a Bangkok court’s decision today to acquit press freedom activist Supinya Klangnarong and Thai Post journalists of libel charges brought against them in December 2003 by the telecommunications company Shin Corp, which until recently belonged to Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra’s family.“This is a good day for freedom of expression in Thailand,” the organisation said. “The verdict shows that the Thai courts are independent and are capable of acquitting people who criticise the prime minister, and we hope the outcome of this trial will convince the prime minister to decriminalize defamation.”Reporters Without Borders added: “We would also liked to congratulate Supinya Klangnarong for her exemplary struggle. Despite the risk to herself, she always insisted on her innocence and defended freedom of expression against the prime minister’s authoritarianism.”In handing down its verdict, the court said Klangnarong “did nothing other that express her opinion in good faith.” She never had the least intention of acting against Shin Corp but, on the contrary, acted only in the public good, the court continued, adding that this was her right as secretary-general of the Campaign for Popular Media Reform.Shortly before the verdict was announced, Shin Corp’s lawyers tried to withdraw their libel suits against the defendants, but the defendants blocked the attempt. Shin Corp’s lawyers had already suggested this possibility in January, shortly after Shin Corp was sold to a Singapore-based firm. They also tried to approach the defendants in recent weeks outside the courthouse proposing an amicable solution.“I always pointed out that this case was about a conflict of interest within the government and the decision that has just been taken is the proof,” Klangnarong told reporters after the verdict. “This is not a private case but a public one about press freedom,” she added. Her acquittal was greeted with applause from some 200 people outside the court.Klangnarong and Thai Post journalists had faced a fine of 400 million baht (8.5 million euros) and two years in prison over Klangnarong’s claim, published in the newspaper in July 2003, that Shin Corp had benefited from the fact that its founder had become prime minister.Reporters Without Borders and other press freedom organisations attended Klangnarong’s trial last year. RSF_en Reporters Without Borders welcomes the acquittal today of press freedom activist Supinya Klangnarong (photo) and Thai Post journalists of libel charges brought against them in December 2003 by Shin Corp, a telecommunications company which until recently belonged to Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra. Help by sharing this information News Thai premier, UN rapporteurs asked to prevent journalists being returned to Myanmar May 12, 2021 Find out more March 15, 2006 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Court acquits press freedom activist and Thai Post journalists June 12, 2020 Find out more Organisation News Red alert for green journalism – 10 environmental reporters killed in five years to go further ThailandAsia – Pacific Follow the news on Thailand August 21, 2020 Find out more
Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena First Heatwave Expected Next Week Gatherings A Musical Harvest at “Backyard Pleasures” From STAFF REPORTS Published on Monday, October 17, 2016 | 5:42 am Make a comment Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday As any gardener knows, some plants are annuals while others are perennials. And what holds true for plants also holds true for music. Beethoven’s and Mozart’s symphonies are beloved centuries after their composition; Louis Armstrong and Nat King Cole remain Unforgettable, as do legends ranging from Tito Puente and Celia Cruz to Tan Dun and Komitas; and, of course, just this month, Bob Dylan received a Nobel Prize.Meanwhile, here in Pasadena, supporters of Clazzical Notes – a curated music-education program designed to cross social and ethnic lines by increasing its audiences’ awareness and appreciation of the diverse communities in which they live – recently gathered at the home of Diane and Craig Martin to celebrate the program’s re-launching. Guests at “Backyard Pleasures” listened to music provided by Colors of Autumn, sampled “small bites” generously provided by the Raymond Restaurant, desserts by Sweet and Savory of San Marino and coffee courtesy of Black Drop Coffee Roasters.“From its first production under the aegis of The Pasadena Symphony, Clazzical Notes was a huge hit,” explains Jerri Price-Gaines, who produced the original program. “Eventually, due to the orchestra’s budget constraints, Clazzical Notes was cancelled…but people never stopped asking when it would return. I’m pleased to announce that, in 2017, Clazzical Notes will indeed return, albeit no longer under the symphony’s umbrella but as its own entity. All of us involved are incredibly excited. We can’t wait to share our vision for the Clazzical Notes series with the community.”By partnering with a diverse array of cultural community centers and non-profit organizations, Clazzical Notes is committed to enriching the lives of middle and high school students, families, youth groups, active seniors and others.“Those of us in the audience will have an incredible opportunity to experience a multitude of musical styles and genres,” explains Prentice Deadrick, Board President. “We’ll also discover the ‘music’ within the spoken word, hearing stories inspired by leaders revered within their culture.”Adds Board member Vivian Chan, “By providing historical insight into the artists’ perspectives on what influenced their musical interpretations and encouraging dialog about these perspectives, Clazzical Notes will build bridges within our community. I’m personally most excited about the opportunity we’ll have not only to hear the artists perform but engage with them.”The opening Clazzical Notes performance will take place on February 19, 2017 at First AME Church in Los Angeles. Performances after this will take place at venues throughout Pasadena.“People are already marking their calendars,” says Jerri Price-Gaines. “Which only goes to prove what we’ve believed from the beginning at Clazzical Notes. Cultures may vary widely, but the power of music connects all.”The mission of Clazzical Notes is to foster the understanding of diverse cultures and our common humanity through the unifying language of music and spoken word. For more information about Clazzical Notes, visit www.clazzicalnotes.com. Top of the News Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes HerbeautyInstall These Measures To Keep Your Household Safe From Covid19HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyWant To Seriously Cut On Sugar? You Need To Know A Few TricksHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyYou’ll Want To Get Married Twice Or Even More Just To Put Them OnHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty6 Trends To Look Like A Bombshell And 6 To Forget AboutHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty10 Instagram Girls Women Obsess OverHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty10 Of The Most Notorious Female Spies In HistoryHerbeautyHerbeauty Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. 10 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Community News Community News Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Name (required) Mail (required) (not be published) Website More Cool Stuff Subscribe Business News EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS
Kiyoshi Tanno/iStockBy CONOR FINNEGAN, KATHERINE FAULDERS and BENJAMIN SIEGEL(WASHINGTON) — The State Department sent a letter to the chair of the inspectors general council requesting a new probe of the agency’s watchdog who was fired by President Donald Trump and accusing him of a “disturbing pattern of leaks.” The new letter from a top adviser to Secretary of State Mike Pompeo argues that the ousted IG Steve Linick should be investigated again after he and his office were cleared of leaking by a probe concluded in March.But many of the claims in the letter run counter to Linick’s sworn testimony to Congress last week, portions of which were obtained by ABC News before Democrats released a transcript Wednesday. Pompeo said he recommended to Trump that Linick be fired, but the administration has not provided a clear rationale for why. In a letter to Congress, Trump said he lost confidence in the longtime government watchdog, while Pompeo has said publicly it was because Linick’s office leaked or because he was investigating policy decisions. In a closed door interview with lawmakers, Linick confirmed his office was investigating Pompeo’s use of an emergency declaration to sell $8 billion of arms to Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates — argued it was not about the decision itself, but the legality of how it was implemented.In the new letter sent Monday to the Council of Inspectors General on Integrity and Efficiency, Brian Bulatao, the Under Secretary for Management and a top Pompeo lieutenant, wrote that a previous probe conducted by the Pentagon inspector general’s office faced “a significant breakdown in the typically-rigorous standards of an IG investigation, warranting CIGIE review.” In particular, Bulatao wrote, the DOD OIG should not have conducted the probe, which he slammed as “exceedingly cursory.” But Linick testified last week that he requested CIGIE to do the investigation first and the office said no. Instead, the DOD OIG was the third inspector general office that he asked, and in a report concluded in March, it found “no evidence that any DOS OIG personnel emailed or discussed any details of the evaluation report with the authors of ‘The Daily Beast’ article or other members of the media.” The article in question is a Sept. 13 report by the outlet that revealed details of an unreleased probe into another top Pompeo aide, senior adviser Brian Hook, and whether he and other officials retaliated against a career employee over her perceived nationality and political beliefs. The probe recommended that Hook face punishment for his role in the retaliation. The story was sourced to “two government sources involved in carrying out the investigations,” so Bulatao and others have pointed the finger at the OIG, which has denied any leaks. The OIG gave the State Department a draft of its report two weeks prior to the Daily Beast story on August 30. While Linick and his office were cleared by the DOD OIG, Bulatao wrote that Linick was supposed to refer the leak investigation to CIGIE. But Linick testified that he did first approach the council, and it said no. “I would have been happy if they could have done it as well. So it didn’t matter to me. I just wanted an independent review of our office. I went to CIGIE — and then I went to other IGs to get this done,” he told lawmakers last week. “I went to the CIGIE. They told me that they wouldn’t do the review and that I needed to go find somebody else.” Bulatao, a close friend and West Point classmate of Pompeo, also said that Linick didn’t tell leadership about the change, writing: “He had deviated from the clear course agreed upon with leadership.” But Linick’s testimony implies that they were aware, particularly Bulatao with whom he had conversations about the DOD OIG probe. Bulatao “wanted to contact DOD — we were talking about the DOD IG, and he wanted it to be CIGIE, and he kept pushing that issue. … At one point, he said he would like to get a better understanding of what DOD IG is doing, the scope; he wants to, sort of, talk through it with the DOD IG. … I recall telling him that it would be inappropriate to manage that,” Linick said. Linick’s testimony also implies that the State Department wanted to use its Bureau of Diplomatic Security to investigate the OIG over the leak: “I thought it would be inappropriate for the Bureau of Diplomatic Security to be investigating us, in that there’s an independence issue, and we wanted another IG to peer-review us precisely to ensure that it was an independent review, as opposed to our [auditee] investigating us,” Linick testified. When the report was completed in March, Linick did not turn it over to Bulatao or other senior leaders at the State Department, instead telling them that it had cleared his office of the leak. Bulatao accused Linick of refusing to turn it over, but Linick testified that he wanted to first review the report so that it did not disclose sensitive information about his office to State Department leadership or set a precedent of doing so. Instead of turning it over, he planned to brief Pompeo’s deputy Stephen Biegun in person and let him read it — but was never able to because COVID-19 restrictions shut his office down and took priority. “It wasn’t on the top of my list, and they didn’t follow up on it, and frankly, I had already conveyed the conclusions to them, and I had anticipated sitting down with the deputy … and letting him read the report” he testified, adding later, “All our in-person meetings were canceled.” The probe reviewed the government emails of 15 OIG employees, including Linick and interviewed 14 of them because the 15th employee had left OIG before the report was even completed. Because the investigation didn’t probe personal email addresses or phone records, Bulatao condemned it as “exceedingly cursory” and said it “would catch only the most blatant mishandling of information and would fail to uncover any person who disclosed the draft through an intermediary or sent the report from a personal email address.” The DOD OIG did investigate one person’s Gmail account — Linick. The ousted IG may have violated OIG email protocol by emailing password-protected drafts of the report to his Gmail account on eight occasions while traveling over six days in August 2019. A review of his account found he did not forward the report on, the DOD OIG said. Linick said he was within State Department email protocol — which allows for personal email use when access to a government account is limited — but OIG rules specifically prohibit that: “The use of corporate or personal equipment, systems/applications, to include to email, or other file storage sites to store, process, or transmit OIG or Department data is prohibited.” Linick testified he would have requested an exemption given his travel schedule and the need to finish the report, which he was working on when accessing it from his Gmail account, he said. In his letter, Bulatao letter wrote that Linick never shared this part of the report’s finding with State Department leadership and that it raises questions about his judgment, although neither he nor Pompeo knew about it at the time Pompeo recommended his firing. Copyright © 2020, ABC Audio. All rights reserved.
We present measurements of the components of the energy and mass balance of the snow surface at Halley Research Station, Antarctica. During the winter months, when insolation is small or zero, the surface energy balance is dominated by radiative cooling. This is mostly balanced by a downward transport of atmospheric sensible heat, with an upward conductive flux of heat through the snowpack making a secondary contribution. The average flux of atmospheric latent heat is downward but of negligible importance in the surface energy balance. During the winter, a significant imbalance is seen in the measured energy budget, with insufficient sensible and conductive heat fluxes to balance the radiative cooling. The wintertime surface mass balance is dominated by precipitation. Sublimation of blowing snow makes a small negative contribution to the budget and is observed to be highly dependent on wind speed. It is suggested that this may be an important mechanism for removing surface mass in some parts of Antarctica.