Good health lasts later in life

first_imgThis is what many people imagine old age looks like in America — a painful, years-long battle with debilitating disease, marked by a gradual loss of the ability to care for yourself, repeated stays in hospitals, and a crippling price tag.For an increasing number of people, however, that’s not the reality, says David Cutler, the Otto Eckstein Professor of Applied Economics.Based on data collected between 1991 and 2009 from nearly 90,000 responses to the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey (MCBS), Cutler says he has found that, even as life expectancy has increased over the past two decades, people have become increasingly healthy later in life. He worked on the findings with Mary Beth Landrum of Harvard Medical School and Kaushik Ghosh of the National Bureau of Economic Research.“With the exception of the year or two just before death, people are healthier than they used to be,” Cutler said. “Effectively, the period of time in which we’re in poor health is being compressed until just before the end of life. So where we used to see people who are very, very sick for the final six or seven years of their life, that’s now far less common.  People are living to older ages and we are adding healthy years, not debilitated ones.”To understand whether people were becoming healthier, Cutler first had to answer a question that seemed unanswerable: How far are people from death?“There are two basic scenarios that people have proposed about the end of life,” he said. “The first argues that what medical science is doing is turning us into light bulbs — that is, we work well until suddenly we die. This is also called the rectangularization of the life curve, and what it says is that we’re going to have a fairly high quality of life until the very end.“The other idea says life is a series of strokes, and medical care has simply gotten better at saving us,” he continued. “So we can live longer because we’ve prevented death, but those years are not in very good health, and they are very expensive — we’re going to be in wheelchairs, in and out of hospitals and in nursing homes.”Different studies have produced competing results. One reason for the confusion, Cutler suggested, is that such efforts are simply looking at the wrong end of someone’s life.“Most of our surveys measure health at different ages, and then use a model to estimate how long people have to live,” he said.  “But the right way to do this is to measure health backwards from death, not forwards. We should start when someone dies, then go back a year and measure their health, then go back two years, three years, and so on.”The MCBS allows researchers to do just that, Cutler said, by linking survey responses to participants’ Medicare records for the rest of their life, meaning researchers can calculate — in some cases, to the day — exactly how far participants were from death when they answered the survey.By comparing that data with survey responses on how well people were able to care for themselves — whether they were able to walk, cook, clean, bathe, dress, and manage money — Cutler was able to determine how healthy people were relative to how near or far they were from dying.Going forward, Cutler hopes to unravel the reasons why some conditions are now less debilitating than in the past. Part of the change, he said, will certainly be chalked up to increased access and improvements to care, but there are a host of other factors that make answering the question “very, very difficult.”“There seems to be a clear relationship between some conditions that are no longer as debilitating as they once were and areas of improvement in medicine,” he said. “The most obvious is cardiovascular disease — there are many fewer heart attacks today than there used to be, because people are now taking cholesterol-lowering drugs, and recovery is much better from heart attacks and strokes than it used to be. A person who suffered a stroke used to be totally disabled, but now many will survive and live reasonable lives. People also rebound quite well from heart attacks.”What’s more, he said, as standards of care have improved, so too has the public’s knowledge of healthier living.“People are much better educated about their health now,” Cutler said. “People are taking steps to help prevent long-term cognitive decline. We don’t have any way yet to slow down something like Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s, but there is a lot we can do for other health problems.”The research was sponsored by the National Institute on Aging.last_img read more

University announces speakers for Fr. Hesburgh’s memorial

first_imgFormer President of the United States Jimmy Carter and former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, M.A. class of 1975, top a long list of dignitaries who will offer reflections at the memorial service for University President Emeritus Fr. Theodore “Ted” Hesburgh on Wednesday evening, the University announced in a press release Monday.According to the statement, other speakers will include Carter’s wife, former First Lady Rosalynn Carter; former president of Princeton University William Bowen; Indiana Sen. Joe Donnelly, class of 1977 and Law School class of 1981; Dillon Hall rector Fr. Paul Doyle; former football head coach Lou Holtz; archbishop emeritus of Washington Cardinal Theodore McCarrick; Indiana Gov. Mike Pence; Board of Trustees member Martin W. Rogers, class of 1988; former Wyoming Sen. Alan Simpson and former Pennsylvania Sen. Harris Wofford.University President Fr. John Jenkins will also offer a tribute, the release stated.“We are honored that the Carters, Dr. Rice and our other distinguished guests will join to pay tribute to Fr. Ted and his many contributions to national and international affairs, the Catholic Church and higher education,” Jenkins said in the statement. “This tribute will be a special opportunity to celebrate Fr. Ted’s remarkable life and career.”The tribute will begin at 7:30 p.m. Wednesday at Purcell Pavilion and will also include music from Notre Dame student choirs and instrumentalists, the release stated.Members of the general public can obtain a limited number of tickets to the service beginning at 3 p.m. Tuesday at the Murnane Family Ticket Office at Purcell Pavilion.According to the release, both the Carters and Rice knew Hesburgh for nearly 40 years. Hesburgh served on the Select Commission on Immigration and Refugee Policy in the Carter administration and as University president while Rice was a graduate student.Tags: Alan Simpson, Cardinal Theodore McCarrick, Condoleezza Rice, Fr. Paul Doyle, Harris Wofford, Hesburgh, Jimmy Carter, Joe Donnelly, Lou Holtz, Martin W. Rogers, Memorial Service, Mike Pence, Rosalynn Carter, tribute, William Bowenlast_img read more

Tensions Escalate in Venezuela with Russian Military Deployment

first_imgBy Gustavo Arias Retana/Diálogo May 03, 2019 Hundreds of Russian service members deployed to Venezuela in late March 2019, increasing tensions in the country and at the international level. The move confirms that Russia keeps up its attempts at securing economic and military influence in Latin America, even if that involves supporting dictatorships such as Nicolás Maduro’s. “The administration condemns Nicolas Maduro’s continued use of foreign military personnel in his attempt to remain in power […]. We strongly caution actors external to the Western Hemisphere against deploying military assets to Venezuela, or elsewhere in the hemisphere, with the intent of establishing or expanding military operations,” U.S. National Security Advisor John Bolton told the press on March 29. “We will consider such provocative actions as a direct threat to international peace and security in the region.” Fragmented army According to Carlos Murillo, a geopolitical analyst at the National University of Costa Rica, Maduro’s illegitimate regime uses Russia to appear stronger in the military arena, especially as his leadership falters before the National Bolivarian Armed Forces. Since the international community recognized Juan Guaidó as interim president in February, more than 600 service members left the Venezuelan military forces. “Maduro seeks to discourage any attempt at a military operation from Colombia or Brazil. He knows that he wouldn’t be able to confront them with the disheartened Venezuelan troops, so that’s why he tries to reconfigure the scenario with Russia in the picture,” Murillo told Diálogo. “The question is how far Russia’s commitment will go; whether it will maintain their support when Venezuelan troops turn their backs on Maduro, or if a land and naval blockade will be imposed on Venezuela. We have to see if those troops would be willing to engage in combat for a military position that isn’t so valuable in the current situation.” José Ricardo Thomas, political scientist at the Central University of Venezuela, argues that support will continue as long as Russia can take economic advantage of the Venezuelan crisis. The analyst believes that Russian service members’ arrival has more to do with their antimissile system business deal than genuine support for Maduro and his illegitimate administration. “Russia’s business in the world is to sell its weapons, and the S-300 is its best product. The problem is that Russia sold it to Venezuela without training the military personnel on operations and without maintenance. If the Venezuelan troops had tried to use it [the S-300 system], first it would have killed them and then it would have become low-performing military garbage,” Thomas told Diálogo. “There are many speculations about the Russians in Venezuela. The truth is that they came to secure their weapons trading business.” Elliot Abrams, U.S. Department of State special representative for Venezuela, also mentioned the Russian missile system as one of the possible reasons for Russia’s military deployment. “In our opinion, one of the things the Russians are doing there is to help the authorities with the S-300 systems that suffered from the blackouts,” Abrams told the press. The situation again demonstrates Russia’s interest in expanding throughout the Caribbean, an area of military strategic importance that makes Venezuela an attractive country for Moscow. “The Russians consider Venezuela as part of a strategic triangle in the Caribbean: Managua, Havana, and Caracas. That guarantees their military and political presence in the region; in other words, Russia’s support is not for Maduro,” Murillo said. “Instead, it’s interested in the anti-U.S. discourse and taking advantage of the country’s strategic position in the Caribbean. It doesn’t want to lose space in the region; rather, it wants to expand.” China’s mercenaries Thomas also pointed out that China might be involved in the Russian military deployment. “Russia doesn’t have the ideal economic conditions to afford sending military personnel. China supports Maduro because of the access he provides to oil resources and the dictatorship’s debt with the Asian country,” he said. “Venezuela is important to China, because the Chinese want to consolidate their position in Latin America as a superpower, but they don’t send military, like Russia. They work together; one has money, while the other executes what China can’t do because of [its policy to] tackle international relations,” Thomas said. “The Russians are China’s mercenaries around the world.” Such move isn’t Moscow’s first. In December 2018, Russia sent two Russian Tu-160 supersonic bombers to Venezuela. “The United States’ focus toward the region is different from Russia’s. Amid the tragedy, Russia sends bombers to Venezuela, while we send a hospital ship. Most importantly, we are on the side of the Venezuelan people in their time of need, and that’s what the USNS Comfort stands for,” said U.S. Army Colonel Robert Manning, director of Defense Press Operations for the U.S. Department of Defense. Tensions in Venezuela grow and the ongoing deployment of Russian troops further complicates the situation of a country undergoing an unprecedented social and economic crisis. The power outages and shortage of basic products, such as food and medication, are still rampant in the country, but that doesn’t concern Moscow. Rather, Russia sees its economic interests as more important than the wellbeing of Venezuelans.last_img read more

Indonesia pins hope on ASEAN role as virus affects Indo-Pacific dynamic

first_img“Indo-Pacific” is a term describing the region straddling the Indian and Pacific oceans, replacing the previously preferred “Asia-Pacific” that some experts argue takes the focus away from the rise of China, highlighting the US-China rivalry.Last year, at the initiative of Indonesia, ASEAN adopted the ASEAN Outlook on the Indo-Pacific to reinforce its position on maintaining peace, security, stability and prosperity through dialogue and by building trust.Philips said the Indo-Pacific as a strategic concept was used by other countries in the region as a “geopolitical vehicle”, but ASEAN insisted that it must be used to forge functional cooperation, including on development and Sustainable Development Goals.Because of the pandemic, he said that foreign policy and development should become more entrenched with one another, with a particular emphasis on global health policy, global disaster risk reduction, economic policy and democratization. Other powers in the emerging Indo-Pacific regional order have already put their money where their mouths are.Last month, Australia announced a new development package policy for Indo-Pacific pandemic response and recovery. Australian Ambassador to Indonesia Gary Quinlan said the package would divert programs and funds into specific areas of the COVID-19 response, including in health security, regional stability and economic recovery. “We face a more dramatically changing strategic situation and countries were starting to develop new partnerships with each other as a result in order to be able to reinforce each other with more resilience,” Quinlan said during the virtual discussion.Retno argued that in ASEAN’s perspective on the Indo-Pacific, the achievement of SDGs remains a priority, especially for least-developed and low-income countries who faced major setbacks in achieving the goals by 2030.“We are hoping that ASEAN remains an engine to maintain stability in the region and to be very honest, it is not an easy task for ASEAN to be able to play that role,” Retno said, acknowledging diverging interests among member states and the additional pressure from other players in the region.As a possible avenue of cooperation for a more robust COVID-19 response, Philips suggested that ASEAN could explore initiatives under the ASEAN Plus Three mechanism, particularly because the three partner countries involved — China, South Korea and Japan — are influential countries with relative success in handling the outbreak. “They are also engines of growth in our regions of Southeast Asia and East Asia. Today the Indo-Pacific can be relatively too broad in the sense that [countries] are all busy facing domestic problems, so the ASEAN Plus Three may become our engine to jumpstart the economy and future cooperation related COVID-19,” he said.Topics : “We are seeing that the rivalry between the US and China is […] actually polarizing and spilling into other spaces,” she said in a recent discussion on geopolitics hosted by the Golkar Party.“Uncertainty is increasingly inevitable.”Currently suffering from the highest number of infections in the world, the US under President Donald Trump has undermined the WHO by accusing it of siding with China. Both sides have also pointed fingers at each other on the source of the virus and pinned one another as being responsible for the damages.Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) executive director Philips J. Vermonte has called on Indonesia to continue utilizing ASEAN to maintain “dynamic equilibrium” in the Indo-Pacific, even though its member states are struggling with their own domestic problems. COVID-19 has made a profound and unprecedented impact on how countries interact with one another, especially in the Indo-Pacific region, but Indonesia reserves hope that ASEAN will play a role in maintaining regional stability.As a result of the pandemic, international relations will likely be driven by stronger right-wing politics going forward, Foreign Minister Retno LP Marsudi has said, which is likely to weaken the multilateral system and reinforce transactional politics.Retno said geopolitical rivalries between the United States and China had gone beyond the usual ideological and trade tensions and had turned into questions about the origin of the virus and politicization at the World Health Organization.last_img read more

Raptors beat Celtics to close in on top seed in East

first_imgRecto seeks to establish Taal rehab body to aid community, eruption victims Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew “We had to rely on our defense tonight,” DeRozan said. “We missed a lot of shots but, with that, we played extremely hard defensively and made up for the low percentage that we shot from the field.”Toronto, which made 40 of 92 attempts, increased its lead over second-place Boston to three games. Both teams have four games remaining.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSAfter winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folkSPORTSTim Cone, Ginebra set their sights on elusive All-Filipino crown“We didn’t score the way we needed to but we played defense the way we needed to,” Toronto’s Kyle Lowry said.Lowry scored 13 points as the Raptors earned a split in the season series and clinched the tiebreaker over Boston, based on each team’s record in conference play. Toronto is 37-11 against the East, while Boston is 31-17. LATEST STORIES After making eight of 19 field goal attempts in the first quarter, Boston shot 5 for 18 in the second and 5 for 19 in the third. DeRozan scored eight points in the third as Toronto took a 67-53 lead into the fourth.TIP-INSCeltics: Rozier led Boston with nine rebounds. … G Shane Larkin (illness) did not travel to Toronto. Larkin has missed three straight games. … Boston finished with 17 turnovers, three shy of its season-worst. Toronto scored 29 points off turnovers.Raptors: Toronto avoided its first three-game losing streak since Feb. 8-14, 2017. … The Raptors outscored the Celtics 54-34 on points in the paint.HOME COOKINGThe home team won all four meetings in the series this season.DOUBLE DOWNRozier failed to reach double digits in scoring for the first time in 26 games.START AND STOPBoston’s starters combined for 35 points, 16 of them from Horford. Cabuyao City rising above the ashes through volunteerism Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award NOTHING’S FREEToronto’s eight attempted free throws matched a season-low. The Raptors also shot eight free throws against Atlanta on Dec. 29.UP NEXTCeltics: Host Chicago on Friday. Boston has won five straight home games against the Bulls.Raptors: Host Indiana on Friday. Toronto has won eight straight home games against the Pacers.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Toronto Raptors guard DeMar DeRozan (10) is defended by Boston Celtics centre Greg Monroe, left, as Celtics forward Marcus Morris (13), Raptors guard Kyle Lowry (7) and Celtics guard Kadeem Allen watch during the second half of an NBA basketball game Wednesday, April 4, 2018, in Toronto. (Frank Gunn/The Canadian Press via AP)TORONTO — The Toronto Raptors turned up the defensive pressure and tightened their grip on first place in the Eastern Conference.DeMar DeRozan scored 16 points, Fred VanVleet and Serge Ibaka each had 15 and the Raptors moved closer to clinching the top seed in the East by beating the Boston Celtics 96-78 on Wednesday night.ADVERTISEMENT Conor McGregor seeks to emerge from controversy in UFC comeback Scarlett Johansson, Sterling K. Brown among SAG Awards presenters “Obviously these guys are well into the driver’s seat on the one (seed),” Boston coach Brad Stevens said.With its 56th win of the season, Toronto matched the franchise record set in 2015-16.Still, Raptors coach Dwane Casey wasn’t celebrating.“We’re not excited,” Casey said. “We still have some things to get better at.”Delon Wright had eight points, eight assists and nine rebounds for the Raptors, who entered having lost five of their previous eight, including the past two. Toronto lost at Boston on Saturday and again at Cleveland on Tuesday.ADVERTISEMENT Lakers jeopardize Spurs playoff bid with OT win Marcus Morris scored 21 points, Greg Monroe had 17 and Al Horford 16 for the Celtics, who were held to their lowest point total of the season. Boston scored 80 in a Jan. 18 loss to Philadelphia.“You always talk on offense about owning your space and they owned our space all night,” Stevens said. “They were very physical, they were very good.”Boston made 25 of 75 shot attempts, including 3 of 22 from 3-point range, its fewest made 3-pointers of the season. Boston’s previous low was six, set twice.The Celtics lost Tuesday in Milwaukee and have dropped consecutive games after winning six in a row.“It’s vital that we get back on a good roll and go into the playoffs with some type of momentum,” Morris said.Terry Rozier started for Boston after sitting out Tuesday because of a sprained left ankle. He scored two points in 28 minutes and shot 1 of 9.“It didn’t bother me,” Rozier said of his ankle. “It might have looked like it bothered me but it didn’t bother me.”Jaylen Brown and Monroe each scored five points in the first as Boston led 20-14 after one. Toronto made six of 23 attempts in the opening quarter, going 2 of 11 from 3-point range, and didn’t score over the final 3:29 in its lowest-scoring first quarter of the season.Boston made nine turnovers in the second, leading to 17 points for Toronto, as the Raptors rallied behind six points from Wright to lead 43-33 at halftime. The Celtics had more turnovers in the first half (14) than made baskets (13).“The only reason we were down at halftime was the turnovers,” Stevens said. Jiro Manio arrested for stabbing man in Marikina Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. In Liverpool, Man United sees the pain and path to recovery Nadine Lustre’s phone stolen in Brazil MOST READ Judy Ann’s 1st project for 2020 is giving her a ‘stomachache’ View commentslast_img read more

Change of flight routes?

first_imgThe downing Malaysia Airlines MH17 with 283 passengers and 15 crew by a sophisticated surface to air missile is likely to cause a paradigm shift in the thinking of flight paths over trouble spots and war zones.Both the International Civil Aviation Organisation and the International Air Transport Association had apparently declared the flight route taken by MH17 as safe, probably because of the very high altitude the aircraft fly over Ukraine.It is understood that all airspace above 30,000ft was cleared and at the time of the tragedy there were at least 50 planes crossing Ukraine in all directions – including over the conflict area.In fact there was a Singapore Airlines Boeing 777 and an Air India 787 only 25km from the Malaysia 777 when it was shot down according to Flightradar 24.IATA’s Director General and CEO Tony Tyler said that he shared the shock and sadness expressed by so many around the world on the terrible loss of MH 17. “At this time, it is important we are very clear: safety is the top priority. No airline will risk the safety of their passengers, crew and aircraft for the sake of fuel savings. Airlines depend on governments and air traffic control authorities to advise which air space is available for flight, and they plan within those limits,” said Mr Tyler. “It is very similar to driving a car. If the road is open, you assume that it is safe. If it’s closed you find an alternate route. Civil aircraft are not military targets. Governments agreed that in the Chicago Convention. And what happened with MH 17 is a tragedy for 298 souls that should not have happened in any airspace.”Aircraft have been flying over trouble spots for decades without incident because typically insurgents lack the military hardware to reach the cruising altitudes of high flying commercial or military jets.Certainly a few commercial passenger aircraft have been shot down but typically at lower altitudes or by the military in supposed mix-ups.However with rebels and terrorists becoming more sophisticated and some countries willing to supply more capable hardware the threat of another shoot down of a high altitude passenger aircraft is all too real.There is also the deep concern that other terrorists groups wanting to emulate the “success” of the shoot down.Aviation authorities and airlines will now have to go to great lengths to assure the travelling public that air routes are well clear of trouble spots.Changing air routes particularly those from SE Asia to Europe will add considerably to the operational challenges as extra fuel will be required to fly more circuitous routes.Potentially there are a number of areas that airlines may now avoid such as Afghanistan, parts of Pakistan, Iraq, Syria as well as Ukraine.Interestingly one of the most cooperative countries for over flights has been Iran which wants the US dollars that airlines must pay to fly over its territory.And while airlines will be striving to assure passengers they are avoiding trouble spots, passengers themselves will possible start avoiding Malaysia Airlines.The double loss of MH370 and MH17 is a terrible blow to the airline. If the airline wasn’t government owned it would likely collapse from the impact of these tragedies. But it will survive.For the wider industry the losses will also have an impact as passengers rethink air travel in general despite the fact that it is the world’s safest mode of transport with 100,000 flights carrying 8.25 million passengers every day.Today the loss of a large modern commercial jet aircraft with a first rate airline is extremely rare – so two such losses in the space of 132 days is devastating to the industry’s safety record.last_img read more

The mystery of the Ohio FFA jacket in Italy

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest There are many diverse paths that lead Ohio FFA members to the organization and even more paths that will take them far beyond their FFA years. The one thing they will all have in common, forever, is the pride of donning that signature blue corduroy jacket.As we get ready to highlight thousands of these young people next month at the Ohio FFA Convention, I found out about one of those legendary jackets that may have chosen a path all its own.One of my friends on Facebook posted about her brother-in-law taking a trip to Florence, Italy, and noticing a fellow walking the streets in what wouldn’t be an unusual sight here in the U.S. — an FFA jacket. What made this jacket even more fascinating was where it was from. The back of the jacket had the great state of Ohio embroidered on it and below the FFA logo was the same exact school where my Facebook friend had graduated, as well as my Mom and Dad — Northridge High School in Licking County.Once this discovery was made, the gentleman was asked to stop and take a picture or two. Then, what everybody wanted to know was whose name was embroidered on the front of the jacket: John BevanTurns out Mr. Bevan graduated in 1977 (one year after my Dad and one year before my Mom) from Northridge High School. The guy in the picture, according to classmates on Facebook, was certainly not him. So, how in the world did his FFA jacket get halfway around the globe?“I held onto that jacket for almost 40 years and just last year I was in the process of moving,” Bevan said. “It wouldn’t fit me anymore so I asked my kids if they would like it and they said no, so it got packed up.”Eventually the bag that the jacket was stored in made its way to a Goodwill store in Texas, where Bevan now resides.“When I first saw it on Facebook with a guy in Italy wearing it I thought ‘Wow! How did it get there?’” Bevan said. “It was amazing.”Bevan grew up on a small farm in Croton, Ohio and worked for several area farmers throughout his youth.From the 1977 Northridge High School yearbook. John Bevan, sporting his FFA jacket, is top left.“Having that jacket and being in the FFA meant a lot to me,” Bevan said. “Being around the farm and being a part of the FFA gave me so many experiences that most people will never get and that I will never forget.”Bevan said even though it has only been a little over a year since he let his FFA jacket go, he wishes after seeing it on a stranger a half a world away that he could have it back.“There is no doubt that guy in Florence, Italy is looking better in that jacket than I would,” Bevan said. “When I could fit in that jacket, I had a beard very similar to that one and when I saw the pictures for the first time I thought it could be a younger version of me. It was very surreal. I wish I hadn’t let it go.”last_img read more

Legislators and ag leaders speak out about Kasich’s executive order

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Speaker of the Ohio House Ryan Smith (R-Bidwell) held a press conference with the chairs of both the House and Senate Agriculture Committees to call on Gov. John Kasich to rescind his executive order on agricultural regulations signed last week and delay the action of the Ohio Soil and Water Conservation Commission. The executive order seeks to establish numerous policy changes through rule-making rather than the legislative process.“From a legislative standpoint we are very concerned any time we talk about regulations that make the job of the agricultural community any harder than it already is,” Smith said. “Personally I just want to express my disappointment in the fact that this type of major policy is not moving through the legislature. Part of my disappointment with that is that we have not been sitting on our hands. We have been actively working on this issue and we acknowledge that there is an issue that we need to continue to work on. And we have more work to do.”Leaders in the House and Senate came together with interested parties in the agricultural community to commend successes in the legislature over the past several years to address agricultural runoff issues and the impact on clean and healthy waterways.“While there is more work to be done, we have made tremendous strides and continue to work toward a solution,” Smith said. “We invite the Governor and agency directors to come to the table to communicate with all stakeholders, most importantly Ohio farmers, to ensure we create a legislative fix that improves water quality without making farmers’ jobs harder.”Most recently, the legislature approved Senate Bill 299, which establishes the Clean Lake 2020 Plan. More than $36 million in funding will go toward a variety of programs aimed at supporting Lake Erie and reducing toxic algae. The bill follows previous efforts to prevent nutrient runoff and establish a process for the disposal of dredge material to improve water quality.“The Ohio House and Senate are calling for the Governor to rescind his executive order regarding additional burdensome and costly regulations on the agricultural industry,” said Rep. Brian Hill (R-Zanesville), chairman of the House Agriculture and Rural Development Committee. “As a farmer myself, we need an opportunity for public input on the issue, especially from the 7,000 farmers in the affected watersheds. I am already impressed by the work they have done to voluntarily improve their practices based on previously passed legislation. We stand ready to join forces with farmers, the administration, and other interested parties to build upon best practices farmers have already implemented to willingly protect Ohio’s lands and waters.”Many in agriculture were disappointed with the lack of opportunity to weigh in during the executive order process. Hancock County grain and hog farmer Duane Stateler was on hand at the event to talk about his views on water quality and nutrient management based on the work that has been done with his farm. Statelers raise corn, soybeans and wheat on approximately 600 acres in Hancock County and also operate a 7,200 head wean to finish swine operation. The Statelers have committed 243 acres to the Blanchard River Demonstration Farms Network.“Unfortunately from what I see from what is being done the few items that look like they could be a real plus to what we can do to stop phosphorus from getting into the lakes are not addressed. One of the reasons they are not addressed is that I reached out to the governor personally, myself, through an aide to try to get him to come see the demonstration farm several months ago, so he could see the work that was being done. I never heard a response back,” Stateler said. “I was disappointed that people who are making these decisions did not visit our farm to see the extensive work we have done in the last two years. We can see trends already and those trends are not addressed in anything I have seen so far.”More farmers will be on hand to testify Thursday, July 19 at the Soil and Water Commission meeting, which will be held at the Ohio Department of Agriculture in Reynoldsburg. The meeting is scheduled to begin at 10 a.m.The message from farmers will be similar from today.“Our message is simple. We have to have science based facts before we move forward with any remedies for the Lake,” said Mark Drewes, with Ohio Corn & Wheat, who farms in the Lake Erie watershed. “We have to come together as an agricultural community. We have to do this as a team. This cannot come from the top down. We have done things on our farms from the grassroots up that we feel are working.”last_img read more

Navigating the After Effects Secret Menu

first_imgDid you know that After Effects has a ‘secret menu’? In this post we’ll show you how to access this little known menu and modify it to fit your needs.Even if you are a skilled After Effects veteran you might be surprised to find out that there is a secret preference menu inside of AE.There are quite a few hidden treats inside of After Effects including a secret project, a mysterious sheep sound effect, and the cryptic Mask Embiggen effect. However, the only secret that actually serves a useful purpose is the secret menu. Let’s dive in…How to Access the After Effects Secret MenuWhile holding down “Shift” navigate to After Effects>Preferences>General. Click on ‘General’.Release the Shift key. You will now see the normal preferences with a new ‘secret’ category at the bottom of the Settings menu. Simply click on this ‘Secret’ category.What does the After Effects Secret Menu do?The settings are somewhat cryptic so lets break each one down….Disable Layer CacheWhen you RAM preview, After Effects not only renders out a preview-able video, but it also renders out information about each individual layer in the scene onto your memory (RAM). This is helpful because if you end up changing one layer and rendering again, theoretically it shouldn’t take as long.By selecting the checkbox next to Disable Layer Cache you are telling After Effects not to render out the information from each individual layer. This will lighten up your ongoing RAM load, but will result in each render taking longer (AE must rerender everything). It’s only advised to Disable Layer Cache if you’re working on a computer without a lot of RAM memory.Purge Every ‘X’ Frames During Make MoviePurging is the process of emptying your memory cache. By purging your RAM you will free up space for After Effects to do more rendering. By default, the ‘Purge Every X Frames During Make Movie’ is set to 0 (meaning it never happens), but if you move the slider you can change it to match your needs.For example, if you move your setting to 10, After Effects will empty the memory cache every time 10 frames are rendered. If your renders keep crashing you might want to start at a higher number like 15 and work your way closer to 1.Ignore Sequence Rendering Errors (Danger! Danger!)As the name implies, when you have the ‘Ignore Sequence Rendering Errors’ box checked After Effects will disregard errors during the rendering process. This can be helpful in some instances, like rendering image sequences, but it’s generally not a great idea to have this box checked. You can severely damage your computer’s hard drive, memory, and CPU by bypassing render errors.If you have any other questions regarding disk cache or rendering in After Effects, check out a few of the following resources:Clean Your After Effects Disk Cache – Creative DojoFree Up Inactive Memory – OSXDailyAfter Effects Secret Preferences – Sketchy PicturesDo you use any of these ‘secret’ After Effects settings? Let us know in the comments below!last_img read more

UK says Iran responsible for attack on Saudi oil facilities

first_imgNew York: Britain has concluded that Iran was responsible for attacks on oil facilities in Saudi Arabia, U.K. Prime Minister Boris Johnson said Sunday. He said the U.K. would consider taking part in a U.S.-led military effort to bolster the Gulf kingdom’s defenses. But the Conservative prime minister also said the U.K. would work with allies to “de-escalate” Middle East tensions that have soared since the Sept. 14 attack on the world’s largest oil processor and an oil field. Also Read – Saudi Crown Prince Salman ‘snubbed’ Pak PM Imran, recalled his private jet from US: Report Britain had previously held back from attributing blame for the drone and missile attack. Saudi Arabia and the United States say Iran was responsible. Johnson told reporters flying with him late Sunday to New York for the U.N. General Assembly that now “the U.K. is attributing responsibility with a very high degree of probability to Iran” for the attack by drones and cruise missiles. “We will be working with our American friends and our European friends to construct a response that tries to de-escalate tensions in the Gulf region,” Johnson said. Also Read – Iraq military admits ‘excessive force’ used in deadly protests Johnson said he would meet Iranian President Hassan Rouhani at this week’s high-level U.N. gathering. Johnson is also due to hold talks with U.S. President Donald Trump, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Emmanuel Macron. He said he wanted Britain to be “a bridge between our European friends and the Americans when it comes to the crisis in the Gulf.” The U.S. and Europe have diverged sharply on how to deal with Iran. European nations, including Britain, still adhere to an international deal designed to limit Iran’s nuclear ambitions, but Trump has pulled the U.S. out of the agreement. Johnson stressed the need for a diplomatic response to the Gulf tensions, but said Britain would consider any request for military help. The Trump administration announced Friday that it would send additional U.S. troops and missile defense equipment to Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates as part of a “defensive” deployment. Officials said the number of troops was likely to be in the hundreds. “We will be following that very closely,” Johnson said. “And clearly if we are asked, either by the Saudis or by the Americans, to have a role, then we will consider in what way we could be useful. We will consider in what way we could be useful, if asked, depending on what the exact plan is.” Iran’s president called on Western powers Sunday to leave the security of the Persian Gulf to regional nations led by Tehran. A U.K. official told The Associated Press that a claim of responsibility for the attacks by Iran-allied Houthi rebels in Yemen was “implausible.” He said remnants of Iran-made cruise missiles were found at the attack site, and “the sophistication points very, very firmly to Iranian involvement.” He spoke on the condition of anonymity to discuss intelligence findings. The official did not say whether Britain believed the attack was launched from Iranian soil. Iran denies responsibility and has warned any retaliatory attack targeting it will result in an “all-out war.”last_img read more