November 19, 2020 Find out more Journalists face archaic sanction of capital punishment in some parts of the world ArgentinaAmericas Shots were fired with a big-calibre firearm at Radio FM Cerrillos, a local station based in San José de los Cerrillos, in the northern province of Salta, on 26 November but no one was injured although it is located in the house where station’s owner and his family live. The unidentified gunmen fled immediately after the shooting.Luisa Tilca, the wife of owner Carlos Villanueva, was hosting the morning programme when three shots were fired at the door to the radio station and one passed within a few centimetres of her. Villanueva’s two sons, aged 17 and 18, were also present at the time of the attack.It was the second attack on the station in three months. Villanueva’s car was sent on fire inside the house’s garage on 24 August, with one of his sons sustaining serious burns in the ensuring blaze.The Villanueva family regards the shooting as a murder attempt but does not know the identity of either the perpetrator or instigator. “None of the radio station’s seven employees has any political or activist links,” Villanueva told Reporters Without Borders.He acknowledged that he had sometimes been very critical of the municipal government and its mayor, Humberto Rubén Corimayo, during the past 14 months but he said he was just exercising the media’s right to inform.After Villanueva reported the “murder attempt” to the police, Salta government Manuel Urtubey expressed his support and promised that all possible resources would be deployed to ensure that the investigation was successful. So far no suspect has been identified. Given the previous case of violence against the station, Reporters Without Borders hopes there will be an active investigation that produces quick results.Meanwhile, FM Nueva Generación, a community radio station in San Martín (in Buenos Aires province), has been off the air since a break-in on 18 November. Unidentified intruders forced the entrance door and removed the transmission equipment without taking anything else, the station’s coordinator, Luis Medina, told Reporters Without Borders. The press freedom organization voices its support for the station and will help it to replace its equipment. RSF_en Organisation July 6, 2020 Find out more Receive email alerts December 1, 2010 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Shooting attack on Salta radio station, Buenos Aires station off the air after break-in Follow the news on Argentina to go further ArgentinaAmericas News Latin American media: under control of families, economic and political elites News Help by sharing this information News News On eve of the G20 Riyadh summit, RSF calls for public support to secure the release of jailed journalists in Saudi Arabia December 4, 2019 Find out more
Brian Honea’s writing and editing career spans nearly two decades across many forms of media. He served as sports editor for two suburban newspaper chains in the DFW area and has freelanced for such publications as the Yahoo! Contributor Network, Dallas Home Improvement magazine, and the Dallas Morning News. He has written four non-fiction sports books, the latest of which, The Life of Coach Chuck Curtis, was published by the TCU Press in December 2014. A lifelong Texan, Brian received his master’s degree from Amberton University in Garland. Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Credit Score is Holding Back Many Millennials The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago Home / Daily Dose / Credit Score is Holding Back Many Millennials Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Share Save Sign up for DS News Daily Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago Tagged with: Credit Scores First-Time Homebuyers Homeownership Millennials The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago in Daily Dose, Featured, News Previous: Counsel’s Corner: Here is What Smaller Title Companies are Up Against Next: DS News Webcast: Tuesday 4/26/2016 A common belief about millennials is that they continue to either rent or live with their parents because they are not interested in owning a home.A recent survey conducted by TransUnion, however, indicates that a lack of desire to become a homeowner may not be what is holding back millennials from the housing market. TransUnion found in a survey of 1,843 consumers conducted in March that 32 percent of millennials polled plan to buy a home in the next 12 months—but 43 percent of them have what would be considered a “subprime” credit score (between 300 and 600, according to VantageScore).“Credit scores are a crucial component of the home-buying process, impacting everything from the size of a mortgage payment to the interest rate on a home loan,” said Ken Chaplin, SVP for TransUnion. “People with subprime credit may face financial barriers to homeownership, making it difficult for their dream home to become a reality.”With credit scores that low, those who want to buy a home may not be able to qualify for a mortgage. Credit.com reported last September that borrowers whose mortgages closed in September had an average score of 723, and that was actually down from 732 the previous February. In September, some lenders were rejecting borrowers with scores as high as 694.Out of millennials surveyed by TransUnion, 47 percent of them said they were worried about having a low credit score, 59 percent said they were worried about not having enough money for a down payment, and 56 percent of them said they were concerned about not being able to qualify for a low interest rate.“People with subprime credit may face financial barriers to homeownership, making it difficult for their dream home to become a reality.”Ken Chaplin, SVP, TransUnionAmong other age groups surveyed, 17 percent of consumers ages 35 to 54 said they plan to buy a home within the next 12 months. The same share of that age category, 17 percent, had a super prime credit score, according to TransUnion. Only 6 percent of consumers aged 55 or older said they plan to buy a home in the next 12 months, but a much higher percentage (34 percent) had a super prime credit score.Homeowners of all ages should prepare well for the homebuying process by taking steps such as checking their credit reports at least three months before the process begins, planning early and keeping an eye on their credit score over time, and researching mortgage and interest rates to find a competitive offer.”The homebuying process begins well before you start looking for real estate,” said Chaplin. “A credit score, which significantly impacts the home financing process, is built on good spending habits and a pattern of responsible borrowing established over a lifetime.” Print This Post Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago April 25, 2016 1,316 Views About Author: Brian Honea Related Articles The Week Ahead: Nearing the Forbearance Exit 2 days ago Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago Credit Scores First-Time Homebuyers Homeownership Millennials 2016-04-25 Brian Honea Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago Subscribe
Top Stories[Section 6(5) HSA] Plea Of Oral Partition Can Be Accepted Only In Exceptional Cases If It Is Supported By Public Documents: SC [Read Judgment] Ashok Kini12 Aug 2020 1:36 AMShare This – x”We reiterate that the plea of an oral partition or memorandum of partition, unregistered one can be manufactured at any point in time, without any contemporaneous public document needs rejection at all costs.”The Supreme Court has observed that a plea of partition for the purpose of Section 6(5) of the Hindu Succession Act based on oral evidence alone cannot be accepted. However, in exceptional cases where plea of oral partition is supported by public documents and partition is finally evinced in the same manner as if it had been affected by a decree of a court, it may be accepted, the…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Supreme Court has observed that a plea of partition for the purpose of Section 6(5) of the Hindu Succession Act based on oral evidence alone cannot be accepted. However, in exceptional cases where plea of oral partition is supported by public documents and partition is finally evinced in the same manner as if it had been affected by a decree of a court, it may be accepted, the Court held. The bench comprising of Justices Arun Mishra, S. Abdul Nazeer and MR Shah also observed that he Statutory Fiction of Partition contained in the original Section 6 of the Act did not bring about the actual partition or disruption of coparcenary.Section 6 Of Hindu Succession Act Sub-Section (5) of Section 6 provides that nothing contained in Section 6 shall apply to a partition, which has been effected before the 20th day of December, 2004. Similar proviso to Section 6(1) provides that nothing contained in this sub- section shall affect or invalidate any disposition or alienation including any partition or testamentary disposition of property which had taken place before the 20th day of December, 2004. The Explanation appended to the Section 6 further clarifies that for the purposes of Section 6, ‘partition’ means effected by any registered partition deed or effected by a decree of a court.Injustice To Daughters In Hindu Shastric Law Done Away With: SC Explains The Impact Of Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act 2005 [Read Judgment]Plea of Oral Partition To Be Accepted Only In Exceptional Cases When Public Documents Conclusively Proves ItOne of the contention raised was that the Explanation to the Section safeguards all genuine transactions of the past, including oral partition effected by the parties.Solicitor General, supporting this contention, also submitted before the Court that the requirement of a registered partition deed may be interpreted as the only directory and not mandatory in nature considering its purposes. Senior Advocate and Amicus Curiae R. Venkataramani submitted before the Court that there could be any number of instances where parties would have entered into family settlements or division of properties on the basis of respective shares or entitlement to succeed on a partition. According to him, the Parliament did not intend to upset all such cases, complete transactions, and open them for a new order of succession. Senior Advocate VVS Rao, who also assisted the court as Amicus Curiae, submitted that the explanation should not be understood as invalidating all the documents or oral partition in respect of the coparcenary property. “In case genuineness of such document is questioned, it has to be proved to the satisfaction of the Court. The saving of transactions would safeguard the genuine past transaction and prevent unrest in the family system.”, he said.Addressing these arguments, the bench observed: Special definition of partition has been carved out in the explanation.The intendment of the provisions is not to jeopardise the interest of the daughter and to take care of sham or frivolous transaction set up in defence unjustly to deprive the daughter of her right as coparcener and prevent nullifying the benefit flowing from the provisions as substituted. The statutory provisions made in section 6(5) change the entire complexion as to partition.However, under the law that prevailed earlier, an oral partition was recognised. In view of change of provisions of section 6, the intendment of legislature is clear and such a plea of oral partition is not to be readily accepted. The provisions of section 6(5) are required to be interpreted to cast a heavy burden of proof upon proponent of oral partition before it is accepted such as separate occupation of portions, appropriation of the income, and consequent entry in the revenue records and invariably to be supported by other contemporaneous public documents admissible in evidence, may be accepted most reluctantly while exercising all safeguards.The intendment of Section 6 of the Act is only to accept the genuine partitions that might have taken place under the prevailing law, and are not set up as a false defence and only oral ipse dixit is to be rejected outrightly. The object of preventing, setting up of false or frivolous defence to set at naught the benefit emanating from amended provisions, has to be given full effect. Otherwise, it would become very easy to deprive the daughter of her rights as a coparcener. When such a defence is taken, the Court has to be very extremely careful in accepting the same, and only if very cogent, impeccable, and contemporaneous documentary evidence in shape of public documents in support are available, such a plea may be entertained, not otherwise. We reiterate that the plea of an oral partition or memorandum of partition, unregistered one can be manufactured at any point in time, without any contemporaneous public document needs rejection at all costs. We say so for exceptionally good cases where partition is proved conclusively and we caution the courts that the finding is not to be based on the preponderance of probabilities in view of provisions of gender justice and the rigor of very heavy burden of proof which meet intendment of Explanation to Section 6(5). It has to be remembered that courts cannot defeat the object of the beneficial provisions made by the Amendment Act. The exception is carved out by us as earlier execution of a registered document for partition was not necessary, and the Court was rarely approached for the sake of family prestige.It was approached as a last resort when parties were not able to settle their family dispute amicably. We take note of the fact that even before 1956, partition in other modes than envisaged under Section 6(5) had taken place. The expression used in Explanation to Section 6(5) ‘partition effected by a decree of a court’ would mean giving of final effect to actual partition by passing the final decree, only then it can be said that a decree of a court effects partition. A preliminary decree declares share but does not effect the actual partition, that is effected by passing of a final decree; thus, statutory provisions are to be given full effect, whether partition is actually carried out as per the intendment of the Act is to be found out by Court. Even if partition is supported by a registered document it is necessary to prove it had been given effect to and acted upon and is not otherwise sham or invalid or carried out by a final decree of a court.In case partition, in fact, had been worked out finally in toto as if it would have been carried out in the same manner as if affected by a decree of a court, it can be recognized, not otherwise. A partition made by execution of deed duly registered under the Registration Act, 1908,also refers to completed event of partition not merely intendment to separate, is to be borne in mind while dealing with the special provisions of Section 6(5) conferring rights on a daughter. There is a clear legislative departure with respect to proof of partition which prevailed earlier; thus, the Court may recognise the other mode of partition in exceptional cases based upon continuous evidence for a long time in the shape of public document not mere stray entries then only it would not be in consonance with the spirit of the provisions of Section 6(5) and its Explanation. The statutory fiction of partition is far short of actual partition, it does not bring about the disruption of the joint family or that of coparcenery. Yet another issue considered by the court was whether the statutory fiction contained in the proviso to unamended section 6 with respect to the determination of shares of a deceased coparcener and its devolution thereunder would disrupt coparcenary. This issue arose since, in Prakash vs. Phulavati, the court, to hold that section 6 applies when both coparceners and his daughter were alive on the date of commencement of Amendment Act, had observed that the provision contained in the Explanation to section 6(5) provides for the requirement of partition for substituted section 6 is to be a registered one or by a decree of a court, can have no application to a statutory notional partition on the opening of succession as provided in the unamended Section 6. “The notional statutory partition is deemed to have taken place to ascertain the share of the deceased coparcener which is not covered either under the proviso to section 6(1) or section 6(5), including its Explanation. The registration requirement is inapplicable to partition of property by operation of law, which has to be given full effect.”, it was held in Prakash vs. Phulavati Answering this issue in the negative and also disapproving the above observations in Phulavati, the bench observed that the statutory fiction of partition is far short of actual partition, it does not bring about the disruption of the joint family or that of coparcenery. The court explained: “When the proviso to unamended section 6 of the Act of 1956 came into operation and the share of the deceased coparcener was required to be ascertained, a deemed partition was assumed in the lifetime of the deceased immediately before his death. Such a concept of notional partition was employed so as to give effect to Explanation to section 6. The fiction of notional partition was meant for an aforesaid specific purpose. It was not to bring about the real partition. Neither did it affect the severance of interest nor demarcated the interest of surviving coparceners or of the other family members, if any,entitled to a share in the event of partition but could not have claimed it. The entire partition of the coparcenary is not provided by deemed fiction; otherwise, coparcenary could not have continued which is by birth, and the death of one coparcener would have brought an end to it. Legal fiction is only for a purpose it serves, and it cannot be extended beyond.” “What has been recognised as partition by the legislation under section 6, accordingly, rights are to be worked out. This Court consistently held in various decisions mentioned above that when the rights are subsequently conferred, the preliminary decree can be amended, and the benefit of law has to be conferred. Hence, we have no hesitation to reject the effect of statutory fiction of proviso to section 6 as discussed in Prakash v. Phulavati(supra) and Danamma(supra). If a daughter is alive on the date of enforcement of the Amendment Act, she becomes a coparcener with effect from the date of the Amendment Act, irrespective of the date of birth earlier in point of time.” Case name: VINEETA SHARMA vs. RAKESH SHARMA Case no.: CIVIL APPEAL NO. DIARY NO.32601 OF 2018 Coram: Justices Arun Mishra, S. Abdul Nazeer and MR Shah Click here to Read/Download JudgmentRead Judgment Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Story
Alex Potemkin/iStock(KIDRON, Ohio) — Two men aboard a 76-year-old plane were killed when it crashed Monday morning shortly after take-off, according to the Ohio State Highway Patrol.Initial reports show the plane had engine issues, which may have caused the crash in Wayne County, about 60 miles south of Cleveland, the highway patrol said.Brian Stoltzfus, 55, of Apple Creek, Ohio, was flying the Douglas DC-3 plane, and Curtis Wilkerson, 56, also from Apple Creek, was the co-pilot, the highway patrol said.Shortly after taking off, the plane hit trees and utility poles then crashed into a yard next to a home.“I’ve never felt a force inside the house that strong where it shook the house,” said Michael Morrison, who owns the property where the plane crashed.“It’s very scary,” he told ABC Cleveland affiliate WEWS-TV. “The cracking sounded like wood splintering … then you heard the crash of it hitting the ground.”“I called 911, I grabbed as many blankets as I could, I tried to come out and I tried to give a hand to people assisting from the airport,” Morrison told WEWS. “By then they seemed to have it pretty much in control.”No one on the ground was injured, the highway patrol said.The plane was manufactured in 1942, said Greg Martin, a spokesman for the Federal Aviation Administration.The first DC-3 plane first flew in 1935, said ABC News aviation consultant Col. Steve Ganyard.“It was a great airplane, and there are thousands still flying in remote parts of the world, but it is an antique,” Ganyard said.A spokeswoman for the FAA initially said six people were aboard the plane and that four other passengers were injured, but the agency has since deferred to Ohio’s highway patrol, which reported the two deaths.The FAA and National Transportation Safety Board each said no investigators immediately would inspect the crash site because of the record-long government shutdown. The NTSB added that it would look into the incident once the government reopens.“The majority of the National Transportation Safety Board’s employees are currently furloughed and will not be able to respond to major accidents, as well as other accidents where specific risks to transportation safety exists unless there’s a specific risk involved that could result in imminent loss of life,” the NTSB said in a statement.Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.
AT THE NEWARK MUSEUM — Fifth grade students at Horace Mann Community School recently visited Newark Museum. Students were able to examine Native American artifacts and created their own clay pots in the style of the Hopi Indians. ×
Premier Foods has reported mixed results for it Hovis business, with branded sales up 1.1% but non-branded sales down 26%, for the six months to 26 June 2010.Trading profit for the division was up 50% to £15m, as profitability for the division was increased by cost savings in manufacturing and distribution, in addition to a lower restructuring spend for the period, said Premier.Hovis branded bakery sales increased to £183m from £181m for the comparable six months in 2009. Branded bread value market share increased 1.1pp to 24.5%, while volume market share remained at 24.8%. Sales of its Mr Kipling brand were up from £60m to £62m (+3.3%), while Cadbury Cakes sales fell 3.6% to £27m.Retailer brand bakery sales fell by more than a quarter from £100m to £74m. The firm put the decline down, in part, to a decrease in the retail price of branded goods in the markets in which it operates, which has resulted in consumers trading up to branded products.Non-branded Hovis volumes fell 10.4%, of which 5.8% relates to wheat price deflation, according to Premier. Around 3% of the volume decline relates to “own-label bread contracts which were exited in 2009 to free up capacity for the Hovis brand expansion”, added the firm.Milling sales were also down, falling 18.4% to £80m, from £98m for the first six months of 2009. The majority of the decline is due to bulk flour deflation, according to Premier.Total group sales were down 5.2% to £1,183m. Trading profit fell 6% to £110m, while operating profit was up £40m to £67m.>>Hovis targets debts by closing Wigan rolls line>>Hovis shows a Hearty appetite for oats category
The campaign against Daesh is one that our Armed Forces can be extremely proud of. Eliminating the threat from terrorism is critical to our security at home and abroad. Our troops have made huge contributions to the fight against Daesh, helping end its tyranny in large parts of Iraq and Syria. Only by defeating this evil and barbaric group for good will we reduce the deadly threat they pose to us. I am pleased that today those who have bravely fought against such untold evil will get the recognition they deserve. Reflecting the changing nature of warfare I am pleased to announce that the medal will now recognise those making a vital contribution to Op Shader from outside the conventional area of Operations, for example those Reaper pilots taking life and death decisions from back here in the UK. Since 2014 the UK Armed Forces have taken a leading role in the counter-Daesh Global Coalition. The RAF has so far conducted over 1,700 strikes against Daesh terrorist targets and units from across the Armed Forces have helped train over 77,000 Iraqi Security Forces in infantry skills, counter-IED, engineering, and medical expertise. As a result, their capacity to defeat Daesh has increased considerably, contributing to the success of this campaign.Despite recent success over the last year the operation continues and fast jets continue to fly out of RAF Akrotiri in Cyprus and remotely-piloted Reaper aircraft continue to provide support to the Syrian Democratic Forces on the ground who are clearing the last remaining pockets of Daesh terrorists in Eastern Syria.Currently around 1,400 personnel still play an important role in the Global Coalition’s counter-Daesh operations in the wider region. Sailors, soldiers and airmen received the Operational Service Medal Iraq and Syria, also know as the Operation Shader medal, from Defence Secretary Gavin Williamson. It is the first operational service medal to be created since 2003 and has its own distinct ribbon and clasp.The Defence Secretary also confirmed today that Her Majesty the Queen has approved the extension of the eligibility criteria for the medal to new groups of personnel. It means that the medal will also recognise those who have made a significant contribution from outside the conventional area of operations in Iraq and Syria, including civilians.Defence Secretary Gavin Williamson said:
Sylvester Stewart, also known as Sly Stone, celebrates his 72nd birthday today. The Family Stone frontman was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1993 for leading the band in the development of soul, funk, rock, psychedelia, and even hip-hop in the ’60s and ’70s. Pioneers of their time, Sly and The Family Stone was the first major American rock band to have both men and women, defying the boundaries of gender expectations in the music industry.The group contained several family members and friends, fusing together the sounds of rhythm and blues with psychedelic melodies and a pop, soul, rock and roll hybrid that’s music has lasted years beyond the band itself. While only staying together from 1967 until 1983, Sly and The Family Stone successfully recorded five Billboard Hot 100 hits that made it to the top ten, and released four genre-defining albums that would heavily influence the sound of American popular music at the time.In celebration of Sly Stone’s birthday, and the undeniable footprint he’s left in the history of funk music, let’s take it back with these old school videos:“Thank You (Falettinme Be Mice Elf Agin)”“Stand!”“If You Want Me To Stay”“I Want To Take You Higher”“Dance To The Music”Happy Birthday, Sly!
As President Obama rallies congressional support to intervene in the Syrian conflict, panelists Asher Kaufman, Kevin Appleby and Fr. Dan Groody discussed the volatile Middle Eastern country’s refugee diaspora Monday night in Geddes Hall. In a presentation titled “Dignity and Justice for Migrants and Refugees: the Case of Syria,” part of the Center for Social Concerns’ lecture series on dignity and justice, the panelists covered the history of modern-day Syria, its current political conflict, the refugee crisis that resulted from it and the theology behind support for refugee rights. Kaufman, an associate professor of history and peace studies, began the discussion relating the history of Syria since the breakup of the Ottoman Empire during World War I. As the modern nation state of Syria developed throughout the 20th century, the Alawites, a minority group from the northeast part of the region, began to gain power in the country’s military and Ba’ath Party, Kaufman said. “For the Alawites, the military became almost the only possibility for social mobility,” he said. “And they used another venue for social mobility and that was the Ba’ath Party, the political party that advocated Arab nationalism as the most important identity, not only for Syrians but for all Arabic-speaking peoples in the Middle East.” Syria endured 14 coup d’Ã©tats between 1949 and 1970, and during that time, the military and the Ba’ath Party converged, leading to an Alawite takeover of politics, Kaufman said. Hafez al-Assad, father of current leader Bashar al-Assad, took over in 1971, leading to nationwide stability, despite his ruthless tactics, he said. “From a weak country, he turned Syria into a regional sort of a superpower,” Kaufman said. “Syria slowly but surely enjoyed a stability that it did not have before 1970.” When Hafez al-Assad died in 2000, Kaufman said his son Bashar took power, promised reform and formed alliances with minority groups in Syria, including Jews, Christians and Sunni urbanites. The Arab Spring arose in 2011, and Syrians realized Bashar al-Assad’s government never delivered the reform it promised, Kaufman said. The opposition deteriorated into a sectarian war. To gain support, Bashar al-Assad told minority groups they would not survive if they did not support him, Kaufman said. “He has played the sectarian card, using his pull with other minorities – Christians and Jews – saying that he is the supporter of their safety,” he said. “If this uprising is successful, then they will lose their own safety. They will lose their own ability to live … in Syria.” The issues in Syria have become more complex since then, spreading to neighboring countries, Kaufman said. “The conflict has deteriorated into … a regional conflict complex, where different states around are involved, where ethnic communities straddle the borders,” he said. This dispersion of conflict and violence has led to a refugee diaspora from Syria into neighboring countries such as Lebanon, Iraq, Turkey and Jordan. Appleby, the director of the Office of Migration Policy and Public Affairs within the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB), said 1.7 million refugees in the region have registered with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, but he estimates more than two million refugees roam the area in total. Appleby said the Middle East is experiencing “refugee fatigue” because refugees from Iraq, Palestine and Syria are all seeking permanency in the area, leading countries to contemplate closing their borders. “You’ve got the issue of a domestic discontent over this new wave of refugees that are here that are on top of Iraqis that are also on top of other refugee populations,” Appleby said. “Governments are starting to get more restless, and it puts pressure on the governments to do more or puts pressure on the governments to close their borders. And then you’ve got a situation where people are fleeing persecution or death and they have nowhere to go.” Appleby said it’s up to the international community to share the burden of resettlement so deserving refugees can find stability. “Unless the international community antes up, then there’s a risk that these countries are going to close their borders, and one of the reasons that they might close their borders is because the resident population is feeling threatened,” he said. The United States intended to resettle most of the Iraqi refugees living in Syria before the conflict erupted, but poor relations with the Syrian government prevented this from happening, leaving thousands of Iraqis stranded in turbulent Syria, Appleby said. “We’re debating these cruise missiles going into Syria, which is a serious issue, but there’s really no discussion of this major humanitarian crisis that’s occurring,” he said. “In that way our priorities are backwards, in my opinion.” Groody, an associate professor of theology at Notre Dame, ended the discussion by sharing some reflections from his and Appleby’s visit to the Middle East as part of the USCCB’s Syrian refugee delegation last fall. Groody said as he stood atop Mount Nebo in Jordan, where Moses died waiting to cross into the Promised Land, he realized to a certain extent we still have not reached it because we continue to search for right relationships. “The God who had everything migrated into the foreign, distant territory of our sinful, broken existence, and there he laid down his life on a cross so we can be reconciled to God and migrate back to our homeland,” Groody said. “What we see God doing in Jesus is constantly trying to overcome those borders, those divisions, those walls, those barriers that keep us from being in right relationships.” Groody said four dimensions shape migration theology: crossing the inhuman/human divide, crossing the divine/human divide, crossing the human/human divide and crossing the country/kingdom divide. When he met a Syrian woman stranded in Lebanon whose husband, three sons and grandson had all been killed, he realized that all the divides break down in the face of true suffering. “When you really get to the place where you see the suffering of humanity in such raw form, to me it just totally dissolves many of these differences because you really see what I think is at the base of all of us, which is our basic humanity,” he said. Groody said the Church seeks to bring a message of reconciliation in hopes that future generations will cross into the Promised Land. “At the heart of the theology of migration is that even in these situations you must not despair because I think that the God who crossed over these borders is the same God who continues to tell us to cross over borders and try to make interconnections with our brothers and sisters in need,” he said. Contact Tori Roeck at [email protected]
Saint Mary’s will host the annual Christian Culture Lecture series with speaker Tara Westover on Wednesday.The Christian Culture series is an annual event at the College that brings influential figures in to speak to students.“We’re always looking for a big name in the humanities who could speak in some way to the influence of Christianity on culture,” Laura Williamson Ambrose, chair of the humanistic studies department, said. Ambrose said she initially got the idea to invite Tara Westover after learning about her memoir “Educated” through a local book club discussion. “At that book club discussion, one of the people in attendance excitedly talked about this memoir that had just been published, ‘Educated,’” she said. “I took a mental note and within a couple of months, I went and read it and immediately recognized its power. We recognized it had really great potential to speak to our students, the community at large and we really lucked out in being able to secure Tara Westover to come to campus.”The lecture will look different this year due to coronavirus, Ambrose said, but the College still wants to give the community a chance to share in this experience. “We decided to do a pre-recorded conversation that we could bundle into a nice video to give everyone an entertaining experience as well as an enlightening one,” Ambrose said.The College has received an overwhelming amount of support from the community, she said, as thousands of people have registered to receive the link to view the event Wednesday.“The event that is most pertinent to the public at large has essentially gone viral,” she said. “We have over 30,000 people from six continents registered to watch the video when we release the link at 5 p.m. EST on Wednesday. The video will be available for at least 24 hours, but we hope to keep it up longer in order to accommodate different time zones.”Ambrose said the College also wants to find a way to engage its students since many attend the lecture for their various classes, so the idea of a watch party was born.“We are going to bring in a truck with a giant screen on library green at 7:30 p.m. on Wednesday night so that 250 students can watch the event,” she said. “There is a special bonus feature for students Wednesday night, and the first 100 students to check-in get a free Saint Mary’s blanket.” Ambrose also said that because of the online format and the effects of coronavirus, the College has decided to make this event free to attend. “Historically we did charge for the lecture, but when we went online we had a conversation and ultimately, I felt really strongly that there was too much chaos with the pandemic and too much of a sense of loss for us to think about monetizing this event,” she said. As an institution, the College decided that the goal was to promote the idea of education and get as many people in the community involved as possible.“We thought, ‘What is the essence of this event?’ We want to communicate the message of the importance of education, particularly for women,” Ambrose said. “That’s what we stand for as an institution.”Instead, the College has asked that if anyone wishes to make a donation, they make it to the COVID-19 emergency fund for students. “Tara Westover’s story about overcoming adversity felt like the perfect opportunity to encourage people who attend for free to consider offering a financial gift to the student emergency fund at Saint Mary’s,” Ambrose said. Many students have expressed excitement about the event.“I had to read ‘Educated’ for a class and I absolutely loved it. It is an incredible memoir and I’m very excited to see the interview with Westover,” senior Brynne Volpe said. “It’s kind of crazy to hear how many people are viewing this lecture. I remember the biggest Christian Culture lecture was probably Margaret Atwood, but this is on a whole new level.”Junior Abigail Pinnow said she is excited to attend the student viewing party after reading Westover’s book with her family. “I read the book with my whole family and we really enjoyed it,” she said. “I think it’s super cool how many people can attend the lecture this year. My high school teacher went to Saint Mary’s and she’s able to participate even though she lives twelve hours away. It lets people from all over enjoy Saint Mary’s and all the wonderful things we have to offer here.”Ambrose said she hopes that students will attend the watch party or view the event because it will be an opportunity that they will never forget. “When I think about my time as an undergraduate, I don’t always remember my classes, but I do remember waiting in line to attend events when speakers came to campus,” she said. “They are world-class speakers and to be able to do that for free and with your fellow students on a beautiful evening and watch your institution celebrated is frankly, just a really positive collective experience that we need right now.”The link will be available online starting 5 p.m. EST Wednesday.Tags: Christian Culture Lecture, Christianity, humanistic studies, student watch party, tara westover