Constitutional and Human Rights lawyer Counselor Tiawan Gongloe has described President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf’s power request to the National Legislature as “belated and unconstitutional.”He described her request as “worrisome and scary.”Speaking in an exclusive interview with the Daily Observer Wednesday, October 8, Cllr. Gongloe said Article 88 of the 1986 Constitution has a specific provision that says following a declaration of a state of emergency, “The President shall within seven days, not later than, put before the Legislature in regular session the facts and circumstances associated with such declaration.”Going further, he said “The Legislature in 72 hours shall have joint resolution voted by 2 1/3 members of both Houses to declare whether the state of emergency is justified or whether the measures taken are appropriate.”He noted that the President declared the state of emergency in August; and she is now requesting for additional powers in October, something Cllr. Gongloe said should not be given because the statute of limitation is wrong and unconstitutional.In a letter to Speaker Alex Tyler dated October 1, 2014, President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf said that as a follow up to her communication dated August 7, 2014 laying the facts and circumstances necessitating the declaration of a state of emergency, she was asking for legislative approval of some measures that will suspend or restrict certain rights in some provisions in the Constitution.Among the provisions, President Sirleaf is seeking for restrictions of rights of Liberians in Articles 1, 12, 13, 14, 15, 17, and 21.In Cllr. Gongloe’s argument on Article 1, he said the President’s request is in contravention of Article 87 of the Constitution which provides that during a state of emergency the Constitution cannot be suspended, amended or abrogated.Article 1 provides that all power is inherent in the people, giving the Human Rights lawyer the ground to argue that this article sums up the entire constitution.He added that the Constitution did not mention pestilence under Emergency Powers but military attack and civil unrest, and therefore Ebola is not a condition to suspend the Constitution or any part thereof.On Article 12, which protects Liberians from being subjected to forced labor, Cllr. Gongloe said the President needs no power to seek from the Legislature because the Constitution is clear that during emergency people can be asked to help solve a prevailing disaster caused either by flood or fire, and that no one will complain of abuse of his/her right.He said Liberians having seen and felt the negative impacts of Ebola, are conscious now to follow all pieces of hygienic advice and abide by established measures to prevent Ebola. “The President’s request for additional powers in the Ebola crisis makes it suspect, leading the people to ask what really does she want to do.”“Future constitutional amendments should look at pestilence in the future, but for the President to look at Article 1 and suspend it for Ebola, I am worried by that this is arbitrary governance,” Cllr. Gongloe added.On Article 14 which talks about freedom of religion, Cllr. Gongloe intoned that the President seeking power to stop religious practices would be like finding a solution to solve one problem and at the same time creating another problem.The President stopping people from practicing their religions will surely create public uprising, noting, “We do not want any religion problem in this country, considering our past. And I don’t know who advises the President, but she is ill advised.On Article 15, which talks about freedom of movement, Cllr. Gongloe said the request for its suspension is broad, and he worried about prohibiting travel by “certain individuals,” as mentioned in the President’s request.He argued that the President failed to define the category of people whose movements would be restricted, and she can explain it in her own way to suit her power when that power is given.“Who are the people to be restricted and why? This looms fear that any of us here can be restricted from traveling.”On the issue of freedom of speech, Cllr. Gongloe said the President’s request to restrict this basic constitutional right could lead to what obtained during the Tubman, Doe and Taylor regimes—shutting down of newspapers and radio stations. He cited the recent closure of the National Chronicles Newspaper, which was shut down in the first days of the state of emergency.He said if such meets legislative approval and the President restricts people from speaking their minds, this could immediately plunge Liberia into her version of the “Arab Spring.” He reminded the President that communication is more easily and readily available today than at any time in history. “We now live in the Information Age,” he averred. “Free speech should be open to get the people speak out so that Government may be informed about what can be done for their safety. The Legislature should not approve the request because the people will surely resist it and it will undermine the peace we have,” he maintained.As for the freedom of assembly, Cllr. Gongloe indicated that he would agree for video clubs and other businesses that bring people into close contact to be shut down under the state of emergency, since coming in contact with one another could help to spread the virus.However, he said this should be in conformity with expert advice and not done because the President wants it to be done.He also argued that the portion of the President’s request to expropriate any private property is broad and undefined, raising doubts as to whose property and what kind of property is to be expropriated.He said the timing for the requested actions is null and void and cannot work, and that any attempt on the part of the Legislature to approve that will lead to the filing of writs of prohibition before the Supreme Court of Liberia.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
Fort St. John’s Adam Horst is in Edmonton for the final Red Bull Crashed Ice event of the season. The races begin today and will go through Saturday.Horst enters the weekend in 12th place in the overall standings with 800 points. His best finish of the season up to this point was taking eighth in Helsinki, Finland in early February.In the team category, Horst’s trio Living the Dream sit in second place of the standings. The team is 440 points behind the leaders Prestige Worldwide.- Advertisement –
“It was the worst feeling of my life,” Johnson said. “I couldn’t imagine ending our season like this.” Johnson returned as an attacking midfielder and wasted no time in getting the Lancers on the board. Sara Turcios slid a pass to Johnson in the penalty area with two defenders on her back. Johnson turned, squeezed past them, and rifled a right-footed shot inside the near post to tie the score 1-1 in the 67th minute. “That was just me wanting to score, and nothing was going to stop me,” Johnson said. Johnson’s game-winner came on a line-drive cross from Laura Hill, which Johnson chested down and finished in the 78th minute to keep the Lancers’ season alive. PASADENA – The visiting South Pasadena High School girls soccer team was clinging to a 1-0 lead and counting the minutes before its upset of No. 3-seeded La Salle in the first round of the CIF-Southern Section Division IV playoffs on Friday. But La Salle’s Kasey Johnson came to the Lancers’ rescue with everything but a cape on her back. The USC-bound senior scored two goals in the final 13 minutes to rally La Salle to a 2-1 victory and a second-round game on Tuesday against Lompoc at a site to be determined. Just minutes before the dramatic turnaround, Johnson became frustrated and let her temper get the best of her. She was issued a yellow card with 15 minutes left, forcing her to the bench with the Lancers in deep trouble. “Trapping that ball was a struggle, but once I settled it, I finished it with everything I had,” Johnson said. “We all showed a lot of heart today. But for me personally, down a goal with 15 minutes left, something inside just clicked and I wanted it more than anything in the world.” The Tigers came with a determined effort, scoring on a set piece in the 32nd minute. Defender Ashley McKenzie sent a long free kick into the box and Aubrey Thurman got a head on it and crossed it to Aubree Gorman, who one-touched it for the 1-0 lead. The Tigers stayed in their defensive posture throughout and won nearly every 50-50 ball, but they couldn’t hang on. “I think our girls started to run out of gas,” Tigers coach Terry Cassidy said. “But they can look back and know they gave their heart and soul and had the No. 3-seed on their heels.” La Salle (22-2-1) outshot the Tigers (10-9-6) 22-7, but Lancers coach Sal Lopez was impressed with the Tigers’ effort. “They played a great game and were very organized in the back,” Lopez said. email@example.com (626) 962-8811, Ext. 4485 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
WASHINGTON – Michigan’s senators and lawmakers supporting more fuel-efficient cars established a tenuous consensus Thursday that environmentalists complained could hurt California’s quest to tighten emissions, and hinder the EPA from regulating greenhouse gases in the future. Sens. Carl Levin and Debbie Stabenow, D-Mich., refused to vote for an energy bill to move forward unless Sen. Dianne Feinstein, D-Calif., agreed that the tough new fuel efficiency standards in the bill would not be undercut in the future by actions by the Environmental Protection Agency on global warming. Feinstein has been the chief proponent of fuel efficiency standards in the Senate, while Levin and Stabenow are the auto industry’s chief champions in the chamber. Since cars and trucks are a significant source of the carbon dioxide that causes global warming, any attempt to regulate greenhouse gas emissions could result in the need for even stricter fuel efficiency standards than the landmark 35mile-per-gallon fleetwide level in the bill that passed the Senate on Thursday evening. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREWhicker: Clemson demonstrates that it’s tough to knock out the champAutomakers, who are currently developing new vehicles that won’t appear in showrooms for several years, have said they need certainty in the requirements and would face hardships if the requirements change. Before a key vote on the energy bill Thursday, Levin, Feinstein and Sen. Daniel Inouye, D-Hawaii, chairman of the Senate Commerce Committee, signed onto a so-called “colloquy” – a conversation among lawmakers that’s entered into the congressional record and can be used to determine congressional intent. In the colloquy, the three lawmakers specified that all federal regulations in the future would be consistent with the fuel efficiency standards in the bill. California wants to implement tailpipe emissions standards that would require the auto industry to build vehicles that produce 30 percent less greenhouse gas by 2016.
THOUSAND OAKS – Thomas P. Glancy, chairman of the city Planning Commission, has been appointed to fill the City Council seat of former Councilman Edward Masry, who died Dec. 5, just days after he resigned because of ill health. Forty-three people applied for the seat, including seven current or former planning commissioners, a former mayor and a former Ventura County supervisors. The City Council reviewed the applications and selected Glancy Tuesday night. Mayor Claudia Bill-de la Pena, who called for an election rather than appointment of a replacement for Masry, opposed the appointment of Glancy in a 3-1 vote. A dentist who has been active in the YMCA and the Thousand Oaks Rotary Club, Glancy was appointed to the Planning Commission in 1999 by City Councilman Dennis Gillette. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORERose Parade grand marshal Rita Moreno talks New Year’s Day outfit and ‘West Side Story’ remake Glancy is scheduled to be sworn at a City Council reorganization meeting at 6:30 p.m. todayat the Thousand Oaks Civic Arts Plaza. A public memorial tribute for Masry is set for 6 p.m. Jan. 5 at the Fred Kavli Theater in the Thousand Oaks Civic Arts Plaza, 2100 Thousand Oaks Blvd.
Learn how to easily reduce rolling shutter in this FCPX video tutorial.Rolling Shutter is one of the most annoying aspects of shooting video in a digital age. Even if you aren’t familiar with the term ‘rolling shutter‘ you have probably encountered it while shooting video. Rolling shutter is a phenomenon that creates wobbly or “Jello-like” footage when panning or shooting a fast moving object. It occurs because, unlike film cameras of years past, most modern cameras don’t expose the entire sensor at the same time. Instead the sensor exposes from top to bottom causing horizontal shifting to occur.Rolling shutter shown on guitar strings.To combat this problem, higher-end cameras are beginning to introduce global shutters that expose the entire sensor at once, just like old film cameras. Unfortunately these cameras are pretty expensive. Luckily for us, this video tutorial from TheHowToMac demonstrates how to reduce rolling shutter in Final Cut Pro X. The video covers:Identifying Rolling ShutterThe Rolling Shutter ToolRolling Shutter and Motion TrackingAre you more of an Adobe person? Check out our post about reducing rolling shutter using Premiere Pro.This video was first shared on TheHowToMac’s YouTube Channel. Thanks for sharing guys!Have any tips for reducing rolling shutter? Are global shutters worth the cost? Share in the comments below.
The Manipur government is taking measures to prevent a possible spillover of illegal migrants into the State in view of the publication of the first draft of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) in Assam. The NRC, first prepared in 1951, is being updated in Assam under supervision of the Supreme Court, to weed out illegal migrants. The first draft of the updated version was published on December 31. Special teams, led by officers of the rank of Assistant Commandant or Additional Senior SPs, have been deployed at Jiribam Babupara Bazar and along the Barak river bordering Mizoram, the Manipur Police said in a statement on Thursday. The Barak originates in Manipur, flows through Mizoram and Assam and enters Bangladesh, where it forks into the Surma and Kushiyara rivers. Special police teams have also been deployed at Mao Gate in Senapati district bordering Nagaland and the Tamei-Haflong road in Tamenglong district bordering Assam to check the entry of migrants into the State, the press release read.IANS adds: Manipur Chief Minister N. Biren Singh said: “Additional police and paramilitary personnel have been rushed to Jiribam district to ensure that undesirable persons do not enter (our State).”
Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ MOST READ Pagasa: Kammuri now a typhoon, may enter PAR by weekend LOOK: Jane De Leon meets fellow ‘Darna’ Marian Rivera “The back nine, I think I honestly got really tired,” Thompson said. “I don’t really know what hit me. Overall the whole week, I played very well. Just missed a few putts that I needed to make, and kind of my wedges let me down a little bit.” /raSports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Cayetano to unmask people behind ‘smear campaign’ vs him, SEA Games Cycling: Chris Froome under fire over ‘cheating’ jersey Another vape smoker nabbed in Lucena Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ Kang birdied the final hole to win the KPMG Women’s PGA Championship on Sunday for her first LPGA Tour title, edging defending champion Brooke Henderson.Kang bogeyed the tricky par-3 17th, and Henderson closed with two birdies to move into a tie for the lead, coming up just short on a 30-foot eagle putt on the par-5 18th. But Kang responded with two solid shots to get to the green in two, and then two-putted for the victory.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSWin or don’t eat: the Philippines’ poverty-driven, world-beating pool stars“I just told myself it was my week. It was my day,” Kang said.Kang lost her father, K.S., to cancer in 2013, but her mother, Grace Lee, was one of the first people to congratulate her on the victory. She also face-timed with brother Alex, an instrumental figure in her performance at Olympia Fields, after the trophy presentation. Kang also had a clutch 21-foot par putt at 16 on her way to a 3-under 68 and the winner’s check of $525,000. Her previous best finish in a major was a tie for 14th in the 2012 U.S. Women’s Open.Henderson closed with a 66 to finish a stroke back. Choi, who was tied with Kang for the lead coming into the day, was third at 10 under after a 71.“Really, she won this, and I was just trying to make it a little bit closer and maybe force a playoff but like I said, I played great and I wouldn’t really take anything back,” Henderson said.Mi Hyang Lee (67), Amy Yang (68) and Sei Young Kim (68) tied for fourth at 9 under, and Lexi Thompson (69) and Inbee Park (68) were another two strokes back.Kang’s first victory in her 144th LPGA start was a popular one in some high-profile circles. Michelle Wie, one of Kang’s closest friends on tour, followed her around right after the win. Dustin Johnson texted “That’s how you’re supposed to play, congrats,” and Wayne Gretzky and Caitlyn Jenner — two buddies from her days at Sherwood Country Club in California — also reached out.While she got some great support from her friends this weekend, it was some sage advice from brother that set the tone for her breakthrough win. Feeling overwhelmed after her last practice round, Kang called Alex, who plays on the Web.com Tour, to help formulate a game plan. He told her to “just blast it down.”“Alex is the one that I called to map out the golf course. He’s one of the people that I lean on for everything,” Kang said.Worked out quite well. Kang posted four rounds in the 60s. She had just five bogeys, with each of them coming in the final two rounds.Thompson looked ready to make a charge, beginning with three birdies and no bogeys on her front nine. But she sputtered down the stretch.Thompson contended for the first major title of the year, but was penalized for a controversial rules violation and lost to So Yeon Ryu in a playoff in the ANA Inspiration. The top-ranked Ryu shot a 72 in the final round at Olympia Fields and tied for 14th. LATEST STORIES Kang’s father caddied for her when she won the US Women’s Amateur in 2010 and 2011. She keeps a journal where she writes messages to her father.“If I could wish anything, I would wish that my dad saw me won,” said Kang, wiping tears from her eyes. “I think that it’s been a really difficult road for me the past four or five years. It’s life, though, you pick yourself up and you have to keep working hard at it, and then believe in what you’re doing, and not letting yourself down.“I just know that he’s here for it. What are the odds that my first win is a major? Pretty sure he had something to do with it. It’s just incredible. But I know that he was there, because I felt—I felt him with me every day, and I still do.”It was another great finish for the LPGA Tour’s second major of the season. Henderson beat Lydia Ko in a playoff last year at Sahalee in Washington.The 24-year-old Kang trailed Henderson and Chella Choi by one after she bogeyed the par-4 10th. But Kang moved in front with four straight birdies on Nos. 11-14, getting hot with her putter at the right time.ADVERTISEMENT Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. What ‘missteps’? View comments Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games China furious as Trump signs bills in support of Hong Kong Danielle Kang reacts after making birdie on the 18th green to win the Women’s PGA Championship golf tournament at Olympia Fields Country Club, Sunday, July 2, 2017, in Olympia Fields, Illinois. (AP Photo/Charles Rex Arbogast)OLYMPIA FIELDS, Illinois, USA—From a young age, Danielle Kang’s parents instilled in her the belief that anything was possible.Even major championships.ADVERTISEMENT
With the game all but over as a contest, the second half was a damp squib of an affair.Uruguay had the ball in the net soon after the restart but Cavani was offside again.Ecuador showed plenty of commitment, continuing to rough up Uruguay’s more technical players, but never looked like they believed they would get anything out of the game.Uruguay looked content to play a patient possession game without pushing for more goals.Cavani did send Suarez scampering in on goal after a defensive mistake but Dominguez was quickly off his line to snatch the ball off the Barcelona forward’s toes.The fourth came in calamitous fashion as Gaston Pereiro tried to pick out Suarez from Cavani’s cross even though he was only six yards from goal.His header dropped to Ecuador center-half Mina, who inadvertently volleyed into his own goal.“The important thing was that the team won and now we’ll prepare for the next match,” against Japan on Thursday, said Suarez, who notched his 57th goal for Uruguay. DA eyes importing ‘galunggong’ anew Two-day strike in Bicol fails to cripple transport Uruguay were rampant and had the ball in the net soon afterwards only for Cavani to be given offside in the build-up.Ecuador brought a physicality to the contest that upset the Uruguayan players and Quintero was perhaps lucky to escape punishment when catching Diego Laxalt with an elbow in an aerial challenge.But moments later, his arm made contact with Lodeiro’s face when challenging for another header, this time drawing blood.Brazilian referee Anderson Daronco — whose bulging arm muscles put even Ecuador’s strapping players to shame — initially showed the full-back a yellow card but after consulting VAR he changed that to red.That left Ecuador with a mountain to climb.On 27 minutes, Alexander Dominguez made a brilliant low save to turn behind Cavani’s half-volley from 15 yards.Paris Saint-Germain forward Cavani was denied again when Dominguez stunningly tipped his clever back-flick onto the post one-handed.But it was third time lucky on 33 minutes as Diego Godin headed the ball into the danger area and Cavani acrobatically rasped a bicycle kick from seven yards past a helpless Dominguez, his 47th international goal.Patient UruguayNahitan Nandez wasted a good chance, shooting straight at Dominguez but Suarez put the game to bed a minute before the break, stealing in at the back post to poke home a flick-on from Martin Caceres. LATEST STORIES Catholic schools seek legislated pay hike, too Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting Duterte wants probe of SEA Games mess ‘Rebel attack’ no cause for concern-PNP, AFP With a numerical advantage, Uruguay ran riot at the Mineirao stadium in Belo Horizonte as Cavani and Suarez netted before the break. The rout was completed 12 minutes from time with an Arturo Mina own goal.“We had chances in the first half, we managed to take them and that gave us the tranquility to manage the game,” said Cavani, who finally scored his first Copa America goal in his fourth participation.FEATURED STORIES SPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesSPORTSSingapore latest to raise issue on SEA Games food, logistics“It was an important step.”It was the ideal beginning for Uruguay in a tough Group C alongside champions Chile and guests Japan, who meet on Monday in Sao Paulo. “We’re not as bad as that,” lamented Ecuador’s Colombian coach Hernan Dario Gomez.“It was a match that got away from us, especially in the first half when it got away from us in every aspect.”Uruguay were off to a dream start.Suarez crossed from the right and Lodeiro proved the coolest customer in the Mineirao stadium as he beat one defender with his chest control, flicked the ball over another and then hit a crisp, low volley into the bottom far corner.“We knew they would be very tough opponents. The important thing was start the game with maximum concentration and we managed that,” said Cavani.ADVERTISEMENT Cayetano: Senate, Drilon to be blamed for SEA Games mess Carli Lloyd’s tiny golf clap delivers big message from US women Panelo: Duterte ‘angry’ with SEA Games hosting hassles Uruguay’s Luis Suarez celebrates after scoring against Ecuador during their Copa America football tournament group match at the Mineirao Stadium in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, on June 16, 2019. (Photo by Douglas MAGNO / AFP)Luis Suarez and Edinson Cavani were on target as Uruguay thumped 10-man Ecuador 4-0 in their opening Group C match at the Copa America on Sunday.Nicolas Lodeiro opened the scoring after just six minutes before Ecuador full-back Jose Quintero was dismissed for a flailing arm.ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles01:31Go: Search for ‘perfect, honest man’ to lead PNP still on02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. View comments
The annual Economist Intelligence Unit’s (EIU) Global Liveability Index has named Melbourne, Australia, as the world’s most liveable city for the 5th consecutive year. Melbourne is the first city to have been given the accolade for five consecutive years. Here are five lists of top five facts that make Melbourne the best city in the world to live.Art and cultureMelbourne offers one of the highest densities of commercial art galleries in the world.The National Gallery of Victoria (NGV) Ian Potter Centre houses the nation’s largest permanent collection of Australian art.Museum Victoria is the southern hemisphere’s largest museum.Melbourne is appointed a UNESCO City of Literature and home to Australia’s publishing industry.Melbourne hosts more than 3,000 live music performances every week.Eating and drinkingMelbourne’s inner-city bistros and cafes alone can seat a combined 178,320 hungry citizens at any one point in time.There are more than 2000 cafes and a further 3000 restaurants in Melbourne.Every day, on average, the Port of Melbourne handles 30 tonnes of coffee beans, enough of producing three million cups of coffee each day. Victoria is home to over 850 wineries, including 650 cellar door experiences and 21 distinct wine regions.The Melbourne Food & Wine Festival sees more than 200 events take place in just over two weeks, including the World’s Longest Lunch – one table with 1600 diners.WildlifeAlthough the state comprises just three per cent of Australia’s total landmass, Victoria is home to 30 per cent of Australia’s native animals. There are 139 mammal species in Victoria including kangaroos, wallabies, koalas, possums, wombats, platypus and echidnas. advertisementVictoria’s parks are home to more than 4300 native plants and 948 native animal species.In Victoria there are: Eighty-seven species of lizard, fifty-two skinks, twelve dragons, eleven legless lizards, nine geckos, three monitors (goannas), twenty-seven species of snake.Victorian natural ecosystems support at least: 111 mammals, 447 birds, 46 freshwater and 600 marine fish, 133 reptiles, 33 amphibians.SportMelbourne is the only city in the world that has five international standard sporting facilities (including four with retractable roofs) on the fringe of its central business district. Melbourne plays host to the Australian Open Tennis Championships, the Australian Grand Prix, the Australian 500CC Motorcycle Grand Prix, Spring Racing Carnival, the Australian Football League Grand Final and many other special events.Melbourne is the only city in the world to host both the F1 Grand Prix and a tennis Grand Slam tournament.The Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG) was established in 1853, less than 20 years after the founding of Melbourne. It was the birthplace of Australian football in 1859, Test cricket in 1877 and one-day international cricket in 1971. Melbourne is the home of the ‘race that stops the nation’ with the Melbourne Cup Carnival attracting over 343,000 visitors from 42 countries in 2014. This year will be the Carnival’s 155th year.Festival cityMelbourne’s International Comedy Festival – first launched in 1987 at a conference hosted by Barry Humphries (as Sir Les Patterson) and Peter Cook. Among the world’s top three comedy festivals (with Edinburgh and Montreal), Melbourne’s 2014 comedy festival hosted 6,488 performances by 2,228 artists.Melbourne’s International Jazz Festival typically sees more than 40,000 people attend over 100 public events, with over 500 international and Australian artists performing.2015 marks the 30th anniversary of Melbourne Festival, during which time, 11 Artistic Directors have turned it into one of the finest on the international stage. In 2014, 1000 artists from 23 different countries participated in 15 world premieres and 21 Australian premieres at 30+ venues across the city.White Night Melbourne will be back in 2016! The popular dusk to dawn outdoor arts festival runs from 7 pm to 7 am attracting 1.3 million visitors in its first three years.